Biology and Fertility of Soils

, Volume 53, Issue 1, pp 3–8 | Cite as

Abundance and composition response of wheat field soil bacterial and fungal communities to elevated CO2 and increased air temperature

  • Yuan Liu
  • Hui Zhang
  • Minghua Xiong
  • Feng Li
  • Lianqing Li
  • Guangli WangEmail author
  • Genxing PanEmail author
Short Communication


The abundance and diversity of soil bacterial and fungal communities in a wheat field under elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations and increased air temperatures were investigated using qPCR and pyrosequencing. Elevated CO2 concentrations significantly increased the abundances of bacteria and fungi, and an increase of air temperatures significantly reduced fungal abundance. We found that Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Chloroflexi, and Ascomycota were the most abundant bacterial and fungal phyla in the wheat field soil. Elevated CO2 concentrations and increased air temperatures had no significant effect on the bacterial alpha diversity, whereas fungal richness was reduced under warming treatments. Moreover, we note that certain bacterial and fungal groups responded differentially to elevated CO2 concentrations and increased air temperatures, and fungal species were highly sensitive to climatic changes.


Elevated CO2 Warming Wheat field Microbial community Climate change 



Quantitative real-time PCR


Principal coordinate analysis


Operational taxonomic units



We are grateful for the funding provide by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41501304 and 31100083), “Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest” (Impact of climate change on agricultural production of China, 200903003), and Natural Science Foundation from Educational Commission of Anhui Province (KJ2015A049).

Supplementary material

374_2016_1159_MOESM1_ESM.docx (437 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 437 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Bioengineering, College of Life ScienceHuaibei Normal UniversityHuaibeiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute of Resources, Ecosystem and Environment of AgricultureNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingChina
  3. 3.Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Carbon Cycling in Forest Ecosystems and Carbon Sequestration, School of Environmental and Resource SciencesZhejiang A & F UniversityHangzhouChina

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