OP-MR: the implementation of order picking based on mixed reality in a smart warehouse
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This paper presents a mixed-reality (MR) application called order picking with mixed reality (OP-MR) for the order-picking activities in a smart warehouse. OP-MR is a set of applications operated by an administrator through a computer server and by the staff using the HoloLens MR device. OP-MR is built to reduce the operational time of an order-picking activity by providing the shortest route to the staff. The HoloLens device displays the order-picking instructions through the MR window, renders virtual navigation, and virtually marks the positions of items. For determining the shortest distance for an order picking, the proposed OP-MR method combines two different algorithms, namely the Held–Karp algorithm in the server and A* algorithm in the client. The Held–Karp algorithm sorts the items in the pick-up list based on the nearest position. Next, the A* algorithm determines the shortest route to ensure that a user travels the shortest distance to pick all the items. To show the effectiveness of the proposed OP-MR method, OP-MR is implemented and experiments are performed. The experimental results show that OP-MR outperforms paper-based order-picking from the viewpoint of completing all the order picking.
KeywordsOrder picking Mixed reality Route optimization
This work was supported by the Kumoh National Institute of Technology (KIT), Gumi, Republic of Korea (No.2019-104-139).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in the studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its subsequent amendments or comparable ethical standards.
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