Geo-Marine Letters

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 131–136 | Cite as

Evidence for the 8,200 a b.p. cooling event in the middle Okinawa Trough

  • Hua Yu
  • Yingqian Xiong
  • Zhenxia Liu
  • Serge Berné
  • Chi-Yue Huang
  • Guodong Jia


Based on new and existing data on oxygen isotopes, alkenone-surface seawater temperature trends, planktonic foraminifers, lithology, and clay mineral composition of piston cores, a distinct cooling event has been identified around 8,200 cal a b.p. in the middle Okinawa Trough, northwest Pacific. This corresponds to the 8,200 a b.p. cooling event recorded in many places of the Northern Hemisphere. During this event, the local temperature decreased by 1°C, and the δ18O value increased by 0.6‰. A strengthened Asian winter monsoon is the most probable cause for this event, which thus adds further credibility to the contention that we are dealing here with a global phenomenon.


  1. Alley RB, Ágústsdóttir AM (2005) The 8 k event: cause and consequences of a major Holocene abrupt climate change. Quat Sci Rev 24:1123–1149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barber DC, Dyke A, Hillaire-Marcel C, Jennings AE, Andrews JT, Kerwin MW, Bilodeau G, McNeely R, Southon J, Morehead MD, Gagnon M (1999) Forcing of the cold event of 8200 years ago by catastrophic drainage of Laurentide lakes. Nature 400:344–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bé AWH (1977) An ecological, zoogeographic and taxonomic review of recent planktonic foraminifera. In: Ramsay ATS (ed) Oceanic micropaleontology, vol 1. Academic, London, pp 1–100Google Scholar
  4. Biscaye PE (1965) Mineralogy and sedimentation of recent deep-sea clay in the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas and oceans. Geol Soc Am Bull 76:803–832CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bond G, Showers W, Cheseby M, Lotti R, Almasi P, deMenocal P, Priore P, Cullen H, Hajdas I, Bonani G (1997) A pervasive millennial-scale cycle in North Atlantic Holocene and glacial climates. Science 278:1257–1266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Clarke GKC, Leverington DW, Teller JT, Dyke AS (2004) Paleohydraulics of the last outburst flood from glacial Lake Agassiz and the 8200 BP cold event. Quat Sci Rev 23:389–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Griffin JJ, Windom H, Goldberg ED (1968) The distribution of clay minerals in the World Ocean. Deep Sea Res 5:433–459Google Scholar
  8. Jian Z, Wang P, Saito Y, Wang L, Pflaumann U, Oba T, Cheng X (2000) Holocene variability of the Kuroshio Current in the Okinawa Trough, northwestern Pacific Ocean. Earth Planet Sci Lett 184:305–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Li T, Liu Z, Hall M, Berné S, Saito Y, Cang S, Cheng Z (2001) Heinrich event imprints in the Okinawa Trough: evidence from oxygen isotope and planktonic foraminifera. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 176:133–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Liu Z, Saito Y, Berné S, Floch G, Li T, Guichard F, Chen Z, Li Z (1999) Millennial-scale paleoceanography in Okinawa Trough during late Quaternary period. Chin Sci Bull 44(18):1705–1709Google Scholar
  11. Liu Z, Li T, Li P, Huang Q, Cheng Z, Wei G, Liu L, Li Z, Berné S, Saito Y (2001) The paleoclimatic events and cause in the Okinawa Trough during 50 ka BP. Chin Sci Bull 46(2):153–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Liu C, Wang M, Jiao P, Li S, Chen Y (2003) Holocene yellow silt layers and the paleoclimate event of 8200 a B.P. in Lop Nur, Xinjiang, NW China. Acta Geol Sinica 77:514–518Google Scholar
  13. Lv H, Liu Z, Liu B, Berné S, Saito Y, Li T, Wu N (2002) Asynchrony of the marine and epicontinental climate records in the East Asia during the last 20 ka. Mar Geol Quat Geol 22:17–23 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  14. Meng X, Du D, Liu Z, Saito Y (2002) Molecular biomarker record of paleoceanographic environment in the East China Sea during the last 35 000 years. Sci China Series D 45(2):184–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Müller PJ, Kirst G, Ruhland G, Storch IV, Melé AR (1998) Calibration of the alkenone paleotemperature index \( {\text{U}}^{{\text{k}}}_{{37}} \) based on core-top from the eastern South Atlantic and the global ocean (60°N∼60°S). Geochim Cosmochim Acta 62:1757–1772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. O’Brien SR, Mayewski PA, Meeker LD, Meese DA, Twickler MS, Whitlow SI (1995) Complexity of Holocene climate as reconstructed from a Greenland ice core. Science 270:1962–1964CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Okuno M (2002) Chronology of tephra layers in southern Kyushu, SW Japan, for the last 30,000 years (in Japanese with English abstract). Quat Res 41:225–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Oppenheimer C (2002) Limited global change due to the largest known Quaternary eruption, Toba ≈74 kyr BP? Quat Sci Rev 21:1593–1609CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Shieh YT, Wang CH, Chen MP, Yung Y (1997) The last glacial maximum to Holocene environment changes in the southern Okinawa Trough. J Asian Earth Sci 15(1):3–8Google Scholar
  20. Stuiver M, Grootes PM, Braziunas TF (1995) The GISP2 18O climate record of the past 16,500 years and the role of the sun, ocean and volcanoes. Quat Res 44:341–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Tanaka Y (2003) Coccolith flux and species assemblages at the shelf edge and in the Okinawa Trough of the East China Sea. Deep Sea Res Part 2 Topical Stud Oceanogr 50:503–511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Tarbuck EJ, Lutgens FK (eds) (2005) Earth: an introduction to physical geology, 8th edn. Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJGoogle Scholar
  23. Ujiié H, Ujiié Y (1999) Late Quaternary course changes of the Kuroshio Current in the Ryukyu Arc region, northwestern Pacific Ocean. Mar Micropaleontol 37:23–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Walter ED, Richard MF, Bradbury JP (2002) Early Holocene change in atmospheric circulation in the Northern Great Plains: an upstream view of the 8.2 kyr cold event. Quat Sci Rev 21:1763–1775CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wang P, Sun X (1994) Last glacial maximum in China: comparison between land and sea. Catena 23:341–353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wang F, Song C, Sun X (1999) Palynological record of paleovegetation change during Holocene at North Tumd Plain in Inner Mongolia, China. Chinese Geogr Sci 9(1):87–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wang N, Yao T, Thompson LG, Henderson KA, Davis ME (2002) Evidence for cold events in the early Holocene from the Guliya ice core, Tibetan Plateau, China. Chin Sci Bull 47(17):1422–1427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Xiong Y, Liu Z, Li T, Liu Y, Yu H (2005) The sedimentation rates in the Okinawa Trough during the late Quaternary. Acta Oceanol Sinica 24:146–154Google Scholar
  29. Xu X, Uda R, Tsuchihashi M, Oda M (1999) Vertical distribution of planktonic foraminifers in Kuroshio area of NW Pacific and its paleoceanographic implications. Quat Sci 6:502–510 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hua Yu
    • 1
  • Yingqian Xiong
    • 2
  • Zhenxia Liu
    • 3
  • Serge Berné
    • 4
  • Chi-Yue Huang
    • 5
  • Guodong Jia
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesRice UniversityHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of GeosciencesUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Marine Geology Division, The First Institute of OceanographySOAQingdaoChina
  4. 4.IFREMERGéosciences MarinesPlouzanéFrance
  5. 5.Department of Earth ScienceNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan
  6. 6.Guangzhou Institute of GeochemistryChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations