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Systematic multiscale models to predict the compressive strength of self-compacting concretes modified with nanosilica at different curing ages

Abstract

The evolution of nanotechnology brings materials with novel performance and during last year’s much attempt has been established to include nanoparticles especially nano-silica (NS) into the concrete to improve performance and develop concrete with enhanced characteristics. Generally, NS is incorporated into the self-compacting concrete (SCC) aiming to positively influence the fresh, mechanical, microstructure, and durability properties of the composite. The most important mechanical property for all types of concrete composites is compressive strength. Therefore, developing reliable models for predicting the compressive strength of SCC is crucial regarding saving time, energy, and cost-effectiveness. Moreover, it gives valuable information for scheduling the construction work and provides information about the correct time for removing the formwork. In this study, three different models including the linear relationship model (LR), nonlinear model (NLR), and multi-logistic model (MLR) were proposed to predict the compressive strength of SCC mixtures made with or without NS. In this regard, a comprehensive data set that consists of 450 samples were collected and analyzed to develop the models. In the modeling process, the most important variables affecting the compressive strength such as NS content, cement content, water to binder ratio, curing time from 1 to 180 days, superplasticizer content, fine aggregate content, and coarse aggregate content were considered as input variables. Various statistical assessments such as Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE), Mean Absolute Error (MAE), Scatter Index (SI), OBJ value, and the coefficient of determination (R2) were used to evaluate the performance of the proposed models. The results indicated that the MLR model performed better for forecasting the compression strength of SCC mixtures modified with NS compared to other models. The SI and OBJ values of the MLR model were 18.8% and 16.7% lower than the NLR model, indicating the superior performance of the MLR model. Moreover, the sensitivity analysis demonstrated that the curing time is the most affecting variable for forecasting the compressive strength of SCC modified with NS.

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Faraj, R.H., Mohammed, A.A., Mohammed, A. et al. Systematic multiscale models to predict the compressive strength of self-compacting concretes modified with nanosilica at different curing ages. Engineering with Computers 38 (Suppl 3), 2365–2388 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00366-021-01385-9

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Keywords

  • Self-compacting concrete
  • Nano-silica
  • Compressive strength
  • Curing time
  • Modeling
  • Sensitivity