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Fuzzy reliability analysis of nanocomposite ZnO beams using hybrid analytical-intelligent method


A hybrid analytical-intelligent approach is proposed for fuzzy reliability analysis of the composite beams reinforced by zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticle. The fuzzy reliability index corresponding to buckling failure mode of nanocomposite beam under thickness-direction external voltage is computed based on three-levels: (1) fuzzy analysis, (2) reliability analysis and (3) analytical buckling analysis. In fuzzy analysis level, an improved gravitational search algorithm has been applied to determine uncertainty interval for membership levels of reliability index. The adaptive formulation with a dynamical self-adjusting process is used for reliability analysis level based on conjugate first-order reliability method (FORM). The self-adjusting term in conjugate sensitivity vector is used to satisfy the sufficient descent condition for controlling instability of FORM formula while the proposed conjugate scalar factor is computed less than the original conjugate FORM, thus it may be provided with the efficient results for the convex problem. The new and previous sensitivity vectors obtained by conjugate and steepest descent vectors dynamically adjusted the proposed conjugate factor. In the buckling analysis level, an exponential theory in conjunction with the method of energy is utilized. Fuzzy random variables including applied voltage, the volume fraction of ZnO, thickness of beam, spring constant and shear constant of the foundation are considered in studied nanocomposite beam. Survey results indicated that the proposed method can provide stable and acceptable fuzzy membership functions for parametric study. Moreover, the ratio of length to thickness and spring constant of foundation are the more sensitive parameters which affect fuzzy reliability index significantly.

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Correspondence to Mansour Bagheri or Reza Kolahchi.

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Keshtegar, B., Bagheri, M., Meng, D. et al. Fuzzy reliability analysis of nanocomposite ZnO beams using hybrid analytical-intelligent method. Engineering with Computers 37, 2575–2590 (2021).

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  • Nanocomposite beam
  • Conjugate first-order reliability method
  • Adaptive conjugate map
  • Multiple random variables
  • Gravitational search algorithm
  • Exponential theory