Engineering with Computers

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 579–591 | Cite as

Prediction of building damage induced by tunnelling through an optimized artificial neural network

  • S. Moosazadeh
  • E. Namazi
  • H. Aghababaei
  • A. Marto
  • H. Mohamad
  • M. Hajihassani
Original Article


Ground surface movement due to tunnelling in urban areas imposes strains to the adjacent buildings through distortion and rotation, and may consequently cause structural damage. The methods of building damage estimation are generally based on a two-stage procedure in which ground movement in the greenfield condition is estimated empirically, and then, a separate method based on structural mechanic principles is used to assess the damage. This paper predicts the building damage based on a model obtained from artificial neural network and a particle swarm optimization algorithm. To develop the model, the input and output parameters were collected from Line No. 2 of the Karaj Urban Railway Project in Iran. Accordingly, two case studies of damaged buildings were used to assess the ability of this model to predict the damage. Comparison with the measured data indicated that the model achieved the satisfactory results.


Building damage Ground movement Tunnelling Artificial neural network Particle swarm optimization 



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Mining EngineeringSahand University of TechnologyTabrizIran
  2. 2.COWILondonUK
  3. 3.Department of Geotechnics and TransportationUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaJohorMalaysia
  4. 4.Civil and Environmental Engineering DepartmentUniversiti Teknologi PetronasPerakMalaysia
  5. 5.Department of Mining EngineeringUrmia UniversityUrmiaIran

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