Comparative aspects of natriuretic peptide physiology in non-mammalian vertebrates: a review

Abstract

The natriuretic peptide system is a complex family of peptides and receptors that is primarily linked to the maintenance of osmotic and cardiovascular homeostasis. A natriuretic peptide system is present in each vertebrate class but there are varying degrees of complexity in the system. In agnathans and chondrichthyians, only one natriuretic peptide has been identified, while new data has revealed that multiple types of natriuretic peptides are present in bony fish. However, it seems in tetrapods that there has been a reduction in the number of natriuretic peptide genes, such that only three natriuretic peptides are present in mammals. The peptides act via a family of guanylyl cyclase receptors to generate the second messenger cGMP, which mediates a range of physiological effects at key targets such as the gills, kidney and the cardiovascular system. This review summarises the current knowledge of the natriuretic peptide system in non-mammalian vertebrates and discusses the physiological actions of the peptides.

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Abbreviations

ANP :

atrial natriuretic peptide

AVT :

arginine vasotocin

BNP :

brain natriuretic peptide

cDNA :

complementary deoxyribonucleic acid

CNP :

C-type natriuretic peptide

cAMP :

adenosine 3’, 5’ cyclic monophosphate

cGMP :

guanosine 3’, 5’ cyclic monophosphate

GC :

guanylyl cyclase

GFR :

glomerular filtration rate

mRNA :

messenger ribonucleic acid

NPR :

natriuretic peptide receptor

NPs :

natriuretic peptides

sCP :

salmon cardiac peptide

VIP :

vasoactive intestinal peptide

VNP :

ventricular natriuretic peptide

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Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Rachel Heimeier for assistance with the figure material.

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Correspondence to T. Toop.

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Communicated by I.D. Hume

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Toop, T., Donald, J.A. Comparative aspects of natriuretic peptide physiology in non-mammalian vertebrates: a review. J Comp Physiol B 174, 189–204 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00360-003-0408-y

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Keywords

  • Natriuretic peptide
  • Natriuretic peptide receptor
  • Osmoregulation
  • Cardiovascular regulation
  • Kidney