An experimental investigation of coupled underexpanded supersonic twin-jets
High-resolution particle image velocimetry measurements of coupled underexpanded twin-jets are presented. Two nozzle pressure ratios are examined, which are selected due to a change in coupled plume mode indicated by a discontinuous jump in screech frequency. Estimates of the turbulent flow statistics, shear-layer thickness, merge point, inter-nozzle mixing, and integral length scales are provided. The higher nozzle pressure ratio case shows a strong standing-wave present in the velocity fluctuation amplitude and integral length scale. The ratios of standing, acoustic, and hydrodynamic wavelength are compared and find a close fit to Panda’s relation for screech. This indicates that screech in the twin-jet system operates with similar length-scale and frequency characteristics to single jets and provides evidence to suggest screech is an integral part of the twin-jet coupling process. Second-order spatial velocity correlation maps reveal the larger modal structure. A symmetric mode is found for the higher pressure ratio and a weakly symmetric mode for the lower. Comparison is made between where the standing-wave is present and where it is not. It is found that the standing-wave, not the shock structure, is the driver of turbulence coherence modulation near the jet. In regions that are affected only by the standing-wave, it is found that it contributes to both the turbulence intensity and coherence modulation.
The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support of the Australian Research Council (ARC) and the computational resources of the Australian National Computational Infrastructure (NCI).
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