An experimental study on the cavitation of water with dissolved gases
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Cavitation inception is generally determined by the tensile strengths of liquids. Investigations on the tensile strength of water, which is essential in many fields, will help understand the promotion/prevention of cavitation and related applications in water. Previous experimental studies, however, vary in their conclusions about the value of tensile strength of water; the difference is commonly attributed to the existence of impurities in water. Dissolved gases, especially oxygen and nitrogen from the air, are one of the most common kinds of impurities in water. The influence of these gases on the tensile strength of water is still unclear. This study investigated the effects of dissolved gases on water cavitation through experiments. Cavitation in water is generated by acoustic method. Water samples are prepared with dissolved oxygen and nitrogen in different gas concentrations. Results show that under the same temperature, the tensile strength of water with dissolved oxygen or nitrogen decreases with increased gas concentration compared with that of ultrapure water. Under the same gas concentration and temperature, water with dissolved oxygen shows a lower tensile strength than that with dissolved nitrogen. Possible reasons of these results are also discussed.
Experiments in this work are supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51476085 and 51621062).
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