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Shock wave interactions with liquid sheets

Abstract

Shock wave interactions with a liquid sheet are investigated by impacting planar liquid sheets of varying thicknesses with a planar shock wave. A square frame was designed to hold a rectangular liquid sheet, with a thickness of 5 or 10 mm, using plastic membranes and cotton wires to maintain the planar shape and minimize bulge. The flat liquid sheet, consisting of either water or a cornstarch and water mixture, was suspended in the test section of a shock tube. Incident shock waves with Mach numbers of \(M_\mathrm{s} = 1.34\) and 1.46 were considered. A schlieren technique with a high-speed camera was used to visualize the shock wave interaction with the liquid sheets. High-frequency pressure sensors were used to measure wave speed, overpressure, and impulse both upstream and downstream of the liquid sheet. Results showed that no transmitted shock wave could be observed through the liquid sheets, but compression waves induced by the shock-accelerated liquid coalesced into a shock wave farther downstream. A thicker liquid sheet resulted in a lower peak overpressure and impulse, and a cornstarch suspension sheet showed a higher attenuation factor compared to a water sheet.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to express thanks to Mr. N. Amen, Ms. H. Geozalian, and Mr. H. Wei for their assistance in designing the test section of the shock tube and conducting the experiments. The authors also want to thank the USC Viterbi/Dornsife Machine Shop. This study is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. CBET-1437412.

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Correspondence to V. Eliasson.

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Jeon, H., Eliasson, V. Shock wave interactions with liquid sheets. Exp Fluids 58, 24 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00348-017-2300-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00348-017-2300-7

Keywords

  • Shock Wave
  • Mach Number
  • Shock Tube
  • Cornstarch
  • Incident Shock