Experiments in Fluids

, 56:84 | Cite as

Picosecond ballistic imaging of diesel injection in high-temperature and high-pressure air

  • Sean P. Duran
  • Jason M. PorterEmail author
  • Terence E. Parker
Research Article


The first successful demonstration of picosecond ballistic imaging using a 15-ps-pulse-duration laser in diesel sprays at temperature and pressure is reported. This technique uses an optical Kerr effect shutter constructed from a CS2 liquid cell and a 15-ps pulse at 532 nm. The optical shutter can be adjusted to produce effective imaging pulses between 7 and 16 ps. This technique is used to image the near-orifice region (first 3 mm) of diesel sprays from a high-pressure single-hole fuel injector. Ballistic imaging of dodecane and methyl oleate sprays injected into ambient air and diesel injection at preignition engine-like conditions are reported. Dodecane was injected into air heated to 600 °C and pressurized to 20 atm. The resulting images of the near-orifice region at these conditions reveal dramatic shedding of the liquid near the nozzle, an effect that has been predicted, but to our knowledge never before imaged. These shedding structures have an approximate spatial frequency of 10 mm−1 with lengths from 50 to 200 μm. Several parameters are explored including injection pressure, liquid fuel temperature, air temperature and pressure, and fuel type. Resulting trends are summarized with accompanying images.


Diesel Diesel Engine Optical Depth Methyl Oleate Dodecane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This material is based upon work supported by, or in part by, the U. S. Army Research Laboratory and the U. S. Army Research Office under contract/grant number W911NF-12-1-0166. We are grateful for the support of the Army Research Office and Dr. Ralph Anthenien, technical program monitor.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sean P. Duran
    • 1
  • Jason M. Porter
    • 1
    Email author
  • Terence E. Parker
    • 1
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentColorado School of MinesGoldenUSA

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