Experiments in Fluids

, Volume 38, Issue 4, pp 466–475 | Cite as

Flow structure of microbubble-laden turbulent channel flow measured by PIV combined with the shadow image technique

  • Atsuhide KitagawaEmail author
  • Koichi Hishida
  • Yoshiaki Kodama


The turbulence structure of a horizontal channel flow with microbubbles is experimentally investigated using combined particle image velocimetry (PIV) in order to clarify the mechanism of drag reduction caused by microbubbles. A new system which simultaneously measures the liquid phase and the dispersed bubbles is proposed, based on a combination of particle tracking velocimetry (PTV), laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) and the shadow image technique (SIT). To accurately obtain the velocity of the liquid phase, tracer particles which overlap with the bubble shadow images are almost entirely eliminated in the post-processing. Finally, the turbulence characteristics of the flow field are presented, including measurements for both phases, and the bubble effect on the turbulence is quantified.


Microbubble flow Drag reduction Turbulence modification Particle tracking velocimetry (PTV) 



This work was carried out as a research activity at the Center for Smart Control of Turbulence funded by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan. We would also like to thank Dr. Sugiyama at the National Maritime Research Institute and Dr. Fujiwara at the University of Tokyo for their comments on this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atsuhide Kitagawa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Koichi Hishida
    • 2
  • Yoshiaki Kodama
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and System EngineeringKyoto Institute of TechnologyKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Department of System Design EngineeringKeio UniversityKanagawaJapan
  3. 3.Center for Smart Control of TurbulenceNational Maritime Research InstituteTokyoJapan

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