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Der Ophthalmologe

, Volume 101, Issue 7, pp 741–765 | Cite as

Tropenophthalmologie—Prävention und Therapie

„Vision 2020—das Recht auf Sehen“
  • V. Klauß
  • U. C. Schaller

Zusammenfassung

Weltweit sind 45 Mio. Menschen blind, 180 Mio. leiden an Sehbehinderung; 90% aller blinden Menschen leben in der „Dritten Welt“; 80% der Blindheit auf dieser Erde wären vermeidbar. Der volkswirtschaftliche Schaden durch Blindheit betrug weltweit rund 19 Milliarden US$ für das Jahr 2000. Die wichtigsten Herausforderungen der WHO-Kampagne „Vision 2020—the right to sight“ sind, die Zahl der Kataraktoperationen zu erhöhen und Augenerkrankungen wie Trachom, Onchozerkose sowie die Ursachen der Kinderblindheit zu bekämpfen. Bis zum Jahr 2020 sollen insgesamt 100 Mio. Menschen vor der Erblindung bewahrt werden.

Schlüsselwörter

Tropenophthalmologie Vision 2020 Epidemiologie Prävention 

Tropical ophthalmology—prevention and therapy

“Vision 2020—the right to sight”

Abstract

Worldwide 45 million people are blind, 180 million people are visually handicapped, 90% of all blind people are living in developing countries and 80% of blindness is preventable. The global economic productivity loss due to blindness was estimated to be 19 billion US$ in the year 2000. The initiative “Vision 2020—the right to sight” aims to increase the cataract surgical rate and to eliminate diseases such as trachoma and onchocerciasis as well as avoidable blindness in children. It is planned that blindness in 100 million people can be avoided by the year 2020.

Keywords

Tropical ophthalmology Vision 2020 Epidemiology Prevention 

Notes

Interessenkonflikt:

Keine Angaben

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Augenklinik der Ludwig Maximilians UniversitätMünchen
  2. 2.Department of Ophthalmology, Kenyatta National HospitalUniversity of NairobiNairobiKenia
  3. 3.Augenklinik der Ludwig Maximilians UniversitätMünchen

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