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Effects of β3-adrenoceptor agonist on acute urinary retention in a rat model



To investigate the protective effect of mirabegron on bladder dysfunction in an acute urinary retention rat model.

Materials and methods

Thirty-six 16-week Sprague–Dawley rats were assigned to the mirabegron and normal saline (N/S) groups. Each group of eighteen was divided into sub-groups of 6 for 30 min, 2 h, and 24 h. They were administered mirabegron (10 mg/kg) and N/S daily for 4 weeks, respectively. Mirabegron and N/S groups were divided into sub-groups of 6 rats for 30 min, 2 h, and 24 h. The changes in bladder blood flow were measured using laser Doppler (moorVMS-LDF2). Histopathological examination of the bladder and nitric oxide (NO) measurement were performed.


During the urinary retention phase in the mirabegron group, it showed higher and rapider recovery of blood flow; the lowest at 19.5% ± 3.68% at 3 min, a significant recovery from the lowest value as 23.7 ± 3.4% at 10 min, than that in the N/S group; 15.1 ± 1.84% at 5 min, 23.7 ± 3.4% at 20 min, respectively (P < 0.05). At 30 min, 120 min, and 24 h after reperfusion, the recovery of blood flow in the mirabegron group was significantly higher than that in the N/S group (mirabegron: 41.1 ± 1.7%, 59.9 ± 7.2%, and 89.7 ± 4.4%, N/S: 31.3 ± 2.1%, 47.3 ± 4.5%, 83.9 ± 3.6%, respectively (P < 0.05)). NO levels tended to be higher in the mirabegron group; however, the difference was not statistically significant. Histological examination revealed that the mirabegron group showed recovery close to normal tissue after 24 h.


In an acute urinary retention rat model, mirabegron maintained and restored higher bladder blood flow, resulting in protective and recovery effect after acute urinary retention.

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Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3



Acute urinary retention


Benign prostate hyperplasia


Bladder outlet obstruction


Nitric oxide


Normal saline


Overactive bladder


Post-void residual urine volume


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Author information




TIN: protocol/project development, data collection, data analysis, manuscript writing. JSS: protocol/project development, data collection. SGK: protocol/project development. SHK: protocol/project development. JC: protocol/project development. JGL: protocol/project development, supervision.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jeong Gu Lee.

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The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Ethical standards

This study was approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) of Korea University (Approval number: KOREA-2020–0041-C1), and the animal laboratory guidelines were followed.

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Noh, T.I., Shim, J.S., Kang, S.G. et al. Effects of β3-adrenoceptor agonist on acute urinary retention in a rat model. World J Urol (2021).

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  • Acute urinary retention
  • Bladder dysfunction
  • Mirabegron