Quality of leadership in multidisciplinary cancer tumor boards: development and evaluation of a leadership assessment instrument (ATLAS)
- 118 Downloads
High-quality leadership and chairing skills are vital for good performance in multidisciplinary tumor boards (MTBs), but no instruments currently exist for assessing and improving these skills.
To construct and validate a robust instrument for assessment of MTB leading and chairing skills.
Design and setting
We developed an observational MTB leadership assessment instrument (ATLAS). ATLAS includes 12 domains that assess the leadership and chairing skills of the MTB chairperson. ATLAS has gone through a rigorous process of refinement and content validation prior to use to assess the MTB lead by two urological surgeons (blinded to each other) in 7 real-live (n = 286 cases) and 10 video-recorded (n = 131 cases) MTBs.
Outcome measures and statistical analysis
ATLAS domains were analyzed via descriptive statistics. Instrument content was evaluated for validity using the content validation index (CVI). Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were used to assess inter-observer reliability.
Instrument refining resulted in ATLAS including the following 12 domains: time management, communication, encouraging contribution, ability to summarize, ensuring all patients have treatment plan, case prioritization, keeping meeting focused, facilitate discussion, conflict management, leadership, creating good working atmosphere, and recruitment for clinical trials. CVI was acceptable and inter-rater agreement adequate to high for all domains. Agreement was somewhat higher in real-time MTBs compared to video ratings. Concurrent validation evidence was derived via positive and significant correlations between ATLAS and an established validated brief MTB leadership assessment scale.
ATLAS is an observational assessment instrument that can be reliably used for assessing leadership and chairing skills in cancer MTBs (both live and video-recorded). The ability to assess and feedback on team leader performance provides the ground for promotion of good practice and continuing professional development of tumor board leaders.
KeywordsMultidisciplinary Tumor board Leadership Chairing
The study was funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), UK, via the Imperial Center for Patient Safety and Service Quality (www.cpssq.org), and the Barts Health NHS Trust R&D Department. Sevdalis was supported by the National Institute for NIHR Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care South London at King’s College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust. Sevdalis is a member of King’s Improvement Science, which is part of the NIHR CLAHRC South London and comprises a specialist team of improvement scientists and senior researchers based at King’s College London. Its work is funded by King’s Health Partners (Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, King’s College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, King’s College London and South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust), Guy’s and St Thomas’ Charity, the Maudsley Charity, and the Health Foundation. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR, or the Department of Health.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Sevdalis is the Director of London Safety & Training Solutions Ltd., which provides team skills training and advice on a consultancy basis in hospitals and training programs in the UK and internationally. The other authors have no conflicts of interest to report.
- 1.Department of Health. The NHS Cancer Plan. A plan for investment. A plan for reform. London 2000Google Scholar
- 2.Department of Health. Manual for Cancer Services. 2004Google Scholar
- 13.Chemers MM (2008) Leadership effectiveness: an integrative review. Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology: Group Processes: Blackwell Publishers Ltd; 2008. pp 376–399Google Scholar
- 14.Taylor C, Ramirez AJ (2009) Multidisciplinary team members’ views about MDTworking: results from a survey commissioned by the National Cancer Action Team: National Cancer Action Team, London. http://ncat.nhs.uk/our-work/ensuring-better-treatment/multi-disciplinary-team-development-tab-inaction. Accessed 3 July 2017
- 15.The National Cancer Action Team: the Characteristics of an effective multidisciplinary team (MDT) (2010). http://ncat.nhs.uk/our-work/ensuring-better-treatment/multi-disciplinary-team-development-tab-inaction. Accessed 3 July 2017
- 17.Hogg M, Vaughan G (2008) Social psychology, 5th edn. Pearson Education Limited, EssesxGoogle Scholar