To validate current eligibility criteria for focal therapy (FT) in prostate cancer men undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) and to assess the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Retrospective analysis of 217 RP patients (2009–2016) with preoperative MRI (almost all in external institutions) and fulfillment of different FT eligibility criteria: unilateral tumor, clinical tumor stage ≤ cT2a, prostate volume ≤ 60 mL and either biopsy Gleason 3 + 3 or ≤ 3 + 4 and PSA ≤ 10 or ≤ 15 ng/mL. Multivariable logistic regression analyses (MVA) assessed the role of MRI to predict the presence of significant contralateral tumor or extracapsular extension (ECE), including seminal vesicle invasion. To quantify model accuracy, Receiver Operating Characteristics-derived area under the curve (AUC) was used.
Of 217 patients fulfilling widest biopsy criteria and 113 fulfilling additional MRI criteria, 64 (29.7%) and 37 (32.7%) remained eligible for FT according to histopathological results. In MVA, fulfillment of MRI criteria reached independent predictor status for prediction of contralateral tumor but not for ECE. Addition of MRI resulted in AUC gain (57.5–64.6%). Sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV for MRI to predict contralateral tumor were: 41.8, 71.6, 70.9 and 42.6%, respectively. Virtually the same results were recorded for Gleason 3 + 3 and/or PSA ≤ 10 ng/mL.
Patient eligibility criteria for FT using biopsy criteria remained insufficient with respect to contralateral tumor disease. Although, MRI improves accuracy, it cannot safely exclude or minimize chance of significant cancer on contralateral prostate side. To date, stricter eligibility criteria are needed to provide more diagnostic reliability.
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This research received no specific Grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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Pompe, R.S., Kühn-Thomä, B., Nagaraj, Y. et al. Validation of the current eligibility criteria for focal therapy in men with localized prostate cancer and the role of MRI. World J Urol 36, 705–712 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00345-018-2238-2