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Photosynthetic Response of Plants Under Different Abiotic Stresses: A Review

Journal of Plant Growth Regulation Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Plants encounter various abiotic stresses due to their sessile nature which include heavy metals, salt, drought, nutrient deficiency, light intensity, pesticide contamination, as well as extreme temperatures. These stresses impose major constraints limiting crop production and food security worldwide. Abiotic stresses primarily reduce the photosynthetic efficiency of plants, due to their negative consequences on chlorophyll biosynthesis, performance of the photosystems, electron transport mechanisms, gas exchange parameters, and many others. A better understanding of the photochemistry of plants under these abiotic stresses can help in the development of pragmatic interventions for managing these stresses. Interestingly, in this review, we provide an overview of insight into different mechanisms affecting the photosynthetic ability of plants in relation to these abiotic factors. The present review describes how different abiotic stresses can pose deleterious impacts on plant photosynthetic machinery including cellular membranes, cell division and cell elongation, biosynthesis of photosynthetic pigments, as well as electron transport chain. It is important to understand the detrimental impacts of various abiotic stresses for better stress management because a comprehensive understanding of plant responses has pragmatic implication for remedies and management.

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Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the different funding agencies: This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFD1000600); Independent research topics of the State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Silviculture (ZY20180208, ZY20180308); Key Research and Development Program of Zhejiang Province (2018C02004); Key Project of Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation (LZ18C160001); Fruit Innovation Team Project of Zhejiang Province (2016C02052-12); National Undergraduate Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Project (201610341010); Undergraduate Science and Technology Innovation Plan of Zhejiang Province (2017R412006); and Undergraduate Research Training Program in Zhejiang A & F University (102-2013200005, 102-2013200041, 102-2013200042, KX20180047, KX20180043, KX20180065).

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AS and BZ designed the manuscript. AS, VK, BS, and MR revised the initial draft and wrote portion related to pesticides; GPSS, ASB, and NH wrote portion related to heavy metals; DK, PY, and KK wrote portion related to temperature stress; PB, AR, and SKK wrote portion related to drought stress; EAK, RDP, and HY wrote portion related to light stress; AKT and RB helped in revision of the initial draft. All authors read and approved the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Anket Sharma or Bingsong Zheng.

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Sharma, A., Kumar, V., Shahzad, B. et al. Photosynthetic Response of Plants Under Different Abiotic Stresses: A Review. J Plant Growth Regul 39, 509–531 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-019-10018-x

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