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Journal of Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 600–605 | Cite as

l-Arginine Pretreatment Enhances Drought Resistance of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) Plants by Increase in Polyamines Content

  • Atiat Mohamed HassanEmail author
  • Hala Ezzat Mohamed
Article
  • 108 Downloads

Abstract

A significant reduction of fresh, dry biomass, shoot height, root length, succulent value, and leaf area were noticed as well as a significant accumulation of H2O2 and MDA contents in shoots and roots of sunflower plants in response to drought stress. Pretreatment of sunflower seeds with 2 mM arginine (Arg) resulted in a significant increase in all growth parameters and reduced H2O2 and MDA contents in drought-stressed plants. This was accompanied with a significant increase of total polyamine contents (PAs) in shoots and roots. The results of this study indicate that Arg-pretreatment and the increase of PAs especially in roots might prevent—to some extent—the oxidative stress of H2O2 on plasma membranes and hence maintain the water status and growth of drought-stressed sunflower plants and reveal the role of polyamines as a strategy mechanism against drought stress.

Keywords

Helianthus annuus Drought stress Arginine Putrescine Spermidine Spermine 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to express our profound gratefulness to Prof. Dr. Nabil El-Sayed Saber, for his inspiring guidance and his kind constructive advice.

Funding

This study was funded by Faculty of Science-Alexandria University.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of ScienceAlexandria UniversityAlexandriaEgypt

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