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Strigolactone Positively Controls Crown Root Elongation in Rice

Abstract

Strigolactones are recently identified plant hormones that inhibit shoot branching. Pleiotropic defects in strigolactone-deficient or -insensitive mutants indicate that strigolactones control various aspects of plant growth and development. However, our understanding of the hormonal function of strigolactones in plants is very limited. In this study we demonstrate that rice dwarf mutants that are strigolactone-deficient or -insensitive exhibit a short crown root phenotype. Exogenous application of GR24, a synthetic strigolactone analog, complemented the crown root defect in strigolactone-deficient mutants but not in strigolactone-insensitive mutants. These observations imply that strigolactones positively regulate the length of crown roots. Histological observations revealed that the meristematic zone is shorter in dwarf mutants than in wild type, suggesting that strigolactones may exert their effect on roots via the control of cell division. We also show that crown roots of wild type, but not dwarf mutants, become longer under phosphate starvation.

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Acknowledgments

We thank Tadao Asami (University of Tokyo) for providing GR24, and Miho Takemura and Kanji Ohyama (Ishikawa Prefectural University) for providing T. Arite with facilities for carrying out the experiments.

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Correspondence to Tomotsugu Arite.

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Arite, T., Kameoka, H. & Kyozuka, J. Strigolactone Positively Controls Crown Root Elongation in Rice. J Plant Growth Regul 31, 165–172 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-011-9228-6

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Keywords

  • Cell division
  • Oryza sativa
  • Root development
  • Phosphate starvation
  • Strigolactone