Paragnomoxyala papillifera sp. nov. (Nematoda: Monhysterida) from the Bohai Sea, China

Abstract

A new free-living marine nematode species of the family Xyalidae from Laizhou Bay of the Bohai Sea, China is described and illustrated herein. Paragnomoxyala papillifera sp. nov. is characterized by large funnel-shaped buccal cavity, circular amphidial fovea located posterior to buccal cavity, straight spicules with slightly curved distal end, gubernaculum absent, four papilliform precloacal supplements, tail conico-cylindrical with two ventral embossments in males and having longitudinal rows of cervical setae and subventral caudal setae in males. The new species is easily identified from other two recorded species in the genus by having papilliform precloacal supplements and ventral embossments along conical portion of tail of males. A pictorial key for three species of Paragnomoxyala and comparative table of three species with important characteristics are provided.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Bezerra T N, Decraemer W, Eisendle-Flöckner U, Hodda M, Holovachov O, Leduc D, Miljutin D, Mokievsky V, Peña Santiago R, Sharma J, Smol N, Tchesunov A, Venekey V, Zhao Z, Vanreusel A. 2018. Nemys: World Database of Nematodes. Paragnomoxyala Jiang & Huang, 2015. http://www.nemys.ugent.be/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1027680. Accessed on 2020-02-05.

  2. Huang M, Xu K D, Huang Y. 2019. Setosabatieria minor sp. nov. (Comesomatidae: Nematoda) from the South China Sea. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 60(4): 387–393, https://doi.org/10.21411/CBM.A.8D5C56E5.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Jiang W J, Huang Y. 2015. Paragnomoxyala gen. nov. (Xyalidae, Monhysterida, Nematoda) from the East China Sea. Zootaxa, 4039(3): 467–474.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Qiao C Y, Jia S S, Huang Y. 2020. Leptolaimus holovachovi sp. nov. (Nematoda) from Shenzhen mangrove nature reserve, Shenzhen, South China. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-019-9219-1.

  5. Sun Y, Huang Y. 2017. One new species and one new combination of the family Xyalidae (Nematoda: Monhysterida) from the East China Sea. Zootaxa, 4306(3): 401–410.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Sun Y, Huang Y, Tang H S, Zang Y, Xiao H, Tang X X. 2019. Two new free-living nematode species of the family Xyalidae from the Laizhou Bay of the Bohai Sea, China. Zootaxa, 4614(2): 383–394.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgment

The authors are greatly thankful to four anonymous referees for their reviewing and improving the manuscript.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yong Huang.

Additional information

4 Data Availability Statement

The authors declare that the data supporting the findings of this study are available within the article. The data will be available on request from the corresponding author.

Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41676146)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sun, Y., Huang, Y. Paragnomoxyala papillifera sp. nov. (Nematoda: Monhysterida) from the Bohai Sea, China. J. Ocean. Limnol. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-020-0108-4

Download citation

Keyword

  • free-living marine nematodes
  • taxonomy
  • new species
  • Laizhou Bay