Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 4–19 | Cite as

The IOD-ENSO precursory teleconnection over the tropical Indo-Pacific Ocean: dynamics and long-term trends under global warming

  • Dongliang Yuan (袁东亮)
  • Xiaoyue Hu (胡晓悦)
  • Peng Xu (徐鹏)
  • Xia Zhao (赵霞)
  • Yukio Masumoto
  • Weiqing Han (韩卫清)


The dynamics of the teleconnection between the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) in the tropical Indian Ocean and El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the tropical Pacific Ocean at the time lag of one year are investigated using lag correlations between the oceanic anomalies in the southeastern tropical Indian Ocean in fall and those in the tropical Indo-Pacific Ocean in the following winter-fall seasons in the observations and in high-resolution global ocean model simulations. The lag correlations suggest that the IOD-forced interannual transport anomalies of the Indonesian Throughflow generate thermocline anomalies in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean, which propagate to the east to induce ocean-atmosphere coupled evolution leading to ENSO. In comparison, lag correlations between the surface zonal wind anomalies over the western equatorial Pacific in fall and the Indo-Pacific oceanic anomalies at time lags longer than a season are all insignificant, suggesting the short memory of the atmospheric bridge. A linear continuously stratified model is used to investigate the dynamics of the oceanic connection between the tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans. The experiments suggest that interannual equatorial Kelvin waves from the Indian Ocean propagate into the equatorial Pacific Ocean through the Makassar Strait and the eastern Indonesian seas with a penetration rate of about 10%–15% depending on the baroclinic modes. The IOD-ENSO teleconnection is found to get stronger in the past century or so. Diagnoses of the CMIP5 model simulations suggest that the increased teleconnection is associated with decreased Indonesian Throughflow transports in the recent century, which is found sensitive to the global warming forcing.


Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) oceanic channel Indonesian Throughflow ENSO predictability 


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Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dongliang Yuan (袁东亮)
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xiaoyue Hu (胡晓悦)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Peng Xu (徐鹏)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xia Zhao (赵霞)
    • 1
  • Yukio Masumoto
    • 4
  • Weiqing Han (韩卫清)
    • 5
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Ocean Circulation and Waves (KLOCW), and Institute of OceanologyChinese Academy of Sciences, and Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Qingdao Collaborative Innovation Center of Marine Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  4. 4.University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  5. 5.Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic SciencesUniversity of ColoradoBoulder, ColoradoUSA

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