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Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 139–152 | Cite as

Rates and fluxes of centennial-scale carbon storage in the fine-grained sediments from the central South Yellow Sea and Min-Zhe belt, East China Sea

  • Jianghai Wang (王江海)
  • Xi Xiao (肖曦)
  • Qianzhi Zhou (周芊至)
  • Xiaoming Xu (徐小明)
  • Chenxi Zhang (张晨曦)
  • Jinzhong Liu (刘金钟)
  • Dongliang Yuan (袁东亮)
Article

Abstract

The global carbon cycle has played a key role in mitigating global warming and climate change. Long-term natural and anthropogenic processes influence the composition, sources, burial rates, and fluxes of carbon in sediments on the continental shelf of China. In this study, the rates, fluxes, and amounts of carbon storage at the centennial scale were estimated and demonstrated using the case study of three fine-grained sediment cores from the central South Yellow Sea area (SYSA) and Min-Zhe belt (MZB), East China Sea. Based on the high-resolution temporal sequences of total carbon (TC) and total organic carbon (TOC) contents, we reconstructed the annual variations of historical marine carbon storage, and explored the influence of terrestrial and marine sources on carbon burial at the centennial scale. The estimated TC storage over 100 years was 1.18×108 t in the SYSA and 1.45×109 t in the MZB. The corrected TOC storage fluxes at the centennial scale ranged from 17 to 28 t/(km2·a)in the SYSA and from 56 to 148 t/(km2·a) in the MZB. The decrease of terrestrial materials and the increase of marine primary production suggest that the TOC buried in the sediments in the SYSA and MZB was mainly derived from the marine autogenetic source. In the MZB, two depletion events occurred in TC and TOC storage from 1985 to 1987 and 2003 to 2006, which were coeval with the water impoundment in the Gezhouba and Three Gorges dams, respectively. The high-resolution records of the carbon storage rates and fluxes in the SYSA and MZB reflect the synchronous responses to human activities and provide an important reference for assessing the carbon sequestration capacity of the marginal seas of China.

Keywords

centennial-scale carbon storage sediment Min-Zhe belt South Yellow Sea area East China Sea 

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Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianghai Wang (王江海)
    • 1
  • Xi Xiao (肖曦)
    • 1
  • Qianzhi Zhou (周芊至)
    • 1
  • Xiaoming Xu (徐小明)
    • 1
  • Chenxi Zhang (张晨曦)
    • 1
  • Jinzhong Liu (刘金钟)
    • 2
  • Dongliang Yuan (袁东亮)
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Resources and Coastal Engineering/South China Sea Bioresource Exploitation and Utilization Collaborative Innovation Center, School of Marine SciencesSun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Guangzhou Institute of GeochemistryChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Function Laboratory for Ocean Dynamics and ClimateQingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  4. 4.CAS Key Laboratory of Ocean Circulation and Wave Studies, Institute of OceanologyChinese Academy of SciencesQingdaoChina

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