An improved method for quantitatively measuring the sequences of total organic carbon and black carbon in marine sediment cores
- 217 Downloads
Understanding global carbon cycle is critical to uncover the mechanisms of global warming and remediate its adverse effects on human activities. Organic carbon in marine sediments is an indispensable part of the global carbon reservoir in global carbon cycling. Evaluating such a reservoir calls for quantitative studies of marine carbon burial, which closely depend on quantifying total organic carbon and black carbon in marine sediment cores and subsequently on obtaining their high-resolution temporal sequences. However, the conventional methods for detecting the contents of total organic carbon or black carbon cannot resolve the following specific difficulties, i.e., (1) a very limited amount of each subsample versus the diverse analytical items, (2) a low and fluctuating recovery rate of total organic carbon or black carbon versus the reproducibility of carbon data, and (3) a large number of subsamples versus the rapid batch measurements. In this work, (i) adopting the customized disposable ceramic crucibles with the microporecontrolled ability, (ii) developing self-made or customized facilities for the procedures of acidification and chemothermal oxidization, and (iii) optimizing procedures and carbon-sulfur analyzer, we have built a novel Wang-Xu-Yuan method (the WXY method) for measuring the contents of total organic carbon or black carbon in marine sediment cores, which includes the procedures of pretreatment, weighing, acidification, chemothermal oxidation and quantification; and can fully meet the requirements of establishing their highresolution temporal sequences, whatever in the recovery, experimental efficiency, accuracy and reliability of the measurements, and homogeneity of samples. In particular, the usage of disposable ceramic crucibles leads to evidently simplify the experimental scenario, which further results in the very high recovery rates for total organic carbon and black carbon. This new technique may provide a significant support for revealing the mechanism of carbon burial and evaluating the capacity of marine carbon accumulation and sequestration.
Keywordstotal organic carbon black carbon marine sediment cores chemothermal oxidation disposable ceramic crucible
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Dean Jr W E. 1974. Determination of carbonate and organic matter in calcareous sediments and sedimentary rocks by loss on ignition: comparison with other methods. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 44 (1): 242–248.Google Scholar
- Lin J, Zhu Q, Hong Y H, Yuan L R, Liu J Z, Xu X M, Wang J H. 2017. Synchronous responses of sedimentary organic carbon accumulation in the inner shelf of the East China Sea to the water impoundment of Three Gorges and Gezhouba Dams. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-017-6216-0.Google Scholar
- Mantoura R F C, Martin J M, Wollast R. 1991. Ocean margin processes in global change. John Wiley and Sons Ltd.Google Scholar
- Meredith W, Ascough P L, Bird M I, Large D J, Snape C E, Song J, Sun Y, Tilston E L. 2013. Direct evidence from hydropyrolysis for the retention of long alkyl moieties in black carbon fractions isolated by acidified dichromate oxidation. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 103: 232–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Schuur E A G, McGuire A D, Schädel C, Grosse G, Harden J W, Hayes D J, Hugelius G, Koven C D, Kuhry P, Lawrence D M, Natali S M, Olefeldt D, Romanovsky V E, Schaefer K, Turetsky M R, Treat C C, Vonk J E. 2015. Climate change and the permafrost carbon feedback. Nature, 520 (7546): 171–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Talley L D, Feely R A, Sloyan B M, Wanninkhof R, Baringer M O, Bullister J L, Carlson C A, Doney S C, Fine R A, Firing E, Gruber N, Hansell D A, Ishii M, Johnson G C, Katsumata K, Key R M, Kramp M, Langdon C, Macdonald A M, Mathis J T, McDonagh E L, Mecking S, Millero F J, Mordy C W, Nakano T, Sabine C L, Smethie W M, Swift J H, Tanhua T, Thurnherr A M, Warner M J, Zhang J Z. 2016. Changes in ocean heat, carbon content, and ventilation: A review of the first decade of GO-SHIP global repeat hydrography. Annual Review of Marine Science, 8: 185–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wang J H, Xiao X, Zhou Q Z, Xu X M, Liu J Z, Yuan D. 2018. Rates and fluxes of century-scale carbon storage in the fine-grained sediments from the central South Yellow Sea and Min-Zhe belt, East China Sea. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 36(1): 139–152, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-017-6242-y.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Xu X M, Hong Y H, Zhou Q Z, Liu J Z, Yuan L R, Wang J H. 2017. Century-scale high-resolution black carbon records in the sediment cores from the South Yellow Sea, China. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 36 (1): 115–127, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-017-6214-2.Google Scholar