Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 153–164 | Cite as

Synchronous response of sedimentary organic carbon accumulation on the inner shelf of the East China Sea to the water impoundment of Three Gorges and Gezhouba Dams

  • Jia Lin (林佳)
  • Qing Zhu (祝青)
  • Yuehui Hong (洪跃辉)
  • Lirong Yuan (袁丽蓉)
  • Jinzhong Liu (刘金钟)
  • Xiaoming Xu (徐小明)
  • Jianghai Wang (王江海)
Article

Abstract

Coastal seas, located between continents and the open ocean, are an important active carbon pool. The sedimentary total organic carbon (TOC) in these areas is a mixture of terrestrial and marine sources, and can be a powerful proxy for tracing natural processes and human activities. In this study, one fine-grained sediment core (DH5-1) from the inner shelf of the East China Sea was systematically analyzed for TOC and black carbon (BC) contents and TOC stable carbon isotope ratios (δ13C). By combining these data with 210Pb dating, an improved carbon correction model and a two end-member mixing model, we reconstructed century-scale high-resolution sequences of corrected TOC, terrestrial TOC and marine TOC contents and identified two carbon depletion events in the DH5-1 record. The two events, shown as two minima in the TOC profiles, correspond temporally to 1985-1987 AD and 2003-2006 AD, which exactly matches the water impoundment of the Gezhouba Dam and Three Gorges Dam, respectively. In addition, the variations in TOC contents and δ13C values before, during or after the minima demonstrate a relationship between the depletion events and water impoundment of the dams on the Changjiang River. The TOC reductions may represent synchronous responses of sedimentary TOC and resultant ecological effects on the inner shelf of the East China Sea to the water impoundment of the dams. These new TOC records reflect the interaction between natural and anthropogenic processes and, accordingly, provide a deep insight and important references for assessing marine ecological effects resulting from water impoundment of largescale dams.

Keywords

sedimentary organic carbon carbon correction East China Sea Three Gorges Dam Gezhouba Dam 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Cai C, Yu Z M, Song X X, Sheng Z L. 2007. Characteristics of nutrient structures and limitation in the Yangtze River estuary before and after water storage of the Three Gorges project. Environmental Science, 28 (1): 64–69. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  2. Cao Y, Chen J Y, Zhang E F, Cheng S L, Chao W C. 2006. Influence of Three Gorge reservoir filled with water on freshwater resource in the Yangtze River estuary. Advances in Water Science, 17 (4): 554–558. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  3. Chen C S, Zhu J R, Beardsley R C, Franks P J S. 2003. Physical-biological sources for dense algal blooms near the Changjiang River. Geophysical Research Letters, 30 (10): 1515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cheng C H, Lehmann J, Thies J E, Burton S D, Engelhard M H. 2006. Oxidation of black carbon by biotic and abiotic processes. Organic Geochemistry, 37 (11): 1477–1488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Farquhar G D, Ehleringer J R, Hubick K T. 2003. Carbon isotope discrimination and photosynthesis. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 40 (1): 503–537.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Furuya K, Hayashi M, Yabushita Y, Ishikawa A. 2003. Phytoplankton dynamics in the East China Sea in spring and summer as revealed by HPLC-derived pigment signatures. Deep Sea Research II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 50 (2): 367–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gao L, Li D J, Zhang Y W. 2012. Nutrients and particulate organic matter discharged by the Changjiang (Yangtze River): seasonal variations and temporal trends. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117 (G4): G04001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gong G C, Chang J, Chiang K P, Hsiuing T M, Huang C C, Duan S W, Codispoti L A. 2006. Reduction of primary production and changing of nutrient ratio in the East China Sea: effect of the Three Gorges Dam? Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (7): L07610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Guan B X, Mao H L. 1982. A note on circulation of the East China Sea. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 1 (1): 5–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gustafsson Ö, Bucheli T D, Kukulska Z, Andersson M, Largeau C, Rouzaud J N, Reddy C M, Eglinton T I. 2001. Evaluation of a protocol for the quantification of black carbon in sediments. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 15 (4): 881–890.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Huang C C, Gong G C, Ko F C, Lee H J, Chen H Y, Wu J M, Hsu M L, Peng S C, Nan F H, Santchi P H. 2011. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediments of the East China Sea and their relationship with carbonaceous materials. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 63 (5-12): 464–470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Janssen B H. 1984. A simple method for calculating decomposition and accumulation of ‘young’ soil organic matter. Plant and Soil, 76 (1-3): 297–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jia G D, Xu S D, Chen W F, Lei F, Bai Y, Huh C A. 2013. 100-year ecosystem history elucidated from inner shelf sediments offthe Pearl River estuary, China. Marine Chemistry, 151: 47–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jiao N Z, Zhang Y, Zeng Y H, Gardner W D, Mishonov A V, Richardson M J, Hong N, Pan D L, Yan X H, Jo Y H, Chen C T A, Wang P X, Chen Y Y, Hong H S, Bai Y, Chen X H, Huang B Q, Deng H, Shi Y, Yang D C. 2007. Ecological anomalies in the East China Sea: impacts of the Three Gorges Dam? Water Research, 41 (6): 1287–1293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jin X L. 1992. Marine Geology of the East China Sea. Ocean Press, Beijing, China. p.1–215. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  16. Keeling C D, Bacastow R B, Carter A F, Piper S C, Whorf T P, Heimann M, Mook W G, Roeloffzen H. 2013. A threedimensional model of atmospheric CO2 transport based on observed winds: 1. Analysis of observational data. In: Peterson D H ed. Aspects of Climate Variability in the Pacific and the Western Americas. American Geophysical Union, Washington. p.165–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Li D, Yao P, Bianchi T S, Zhang T T, Zhao B, Pan H H, Wang J P, Yu Z G. 2014. Organic carbon cycling in sediments of the Changjiang estuary and adjacent shelf: implication for the influence of Three Gorges Dam. Journal of Marine Systems, 139: 409–419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li G G, Hu B Q, Bi J Q, Leng Q N, Xiao C Q, Yang Z C. 2013. Heavy metals distribution and contamination in surface sediments of the coastal Shandong Peninsula (Yellow Sea). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 76 (1-2): 420–426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li G, Wang X T, Yang Z F, Mao C P, West A J, Ji J F. 2015a. Dam-triggered organic carbon sequestration makes the Changjiang (Yangtze) river basin (China) a significant carbon sink. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 120 (1): 39–53.Google Scholar
  20. Li J L, Zhang B H, Hu X P, Wang Y M, Ding Y, Liu F. 2015b. Terrestrial input and nutrient change reflected by sediment records of the Changjiang River estuary in recent 80 years. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 34 (2): 27–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Li Q F, Yu M X, Lu G B, Cai T, Bai X, Xia Z Q. 2011. Impacts of the Gezhouba and Three Gorges reservoirs on the sediment regime in the Yangtze River, China. Journal of Hydrology, 403 (3-4): 224–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Li X X, Bianchi T S, Allison M A, Chapman P, Mitra S, Zhang Z R, Yang G P, Yu Z G. 2012. Composition, abundance and age of total organic carbon in surface sediments from the inner shelf of the East China Sea. Marine Chemistry, 145-147: 37–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Li Z Q, Wu Y, Liu S M, Du J Z, Zhang J. 2016. An 800-year record of terrestrial organic matter from the East China Sea shelf break: links to climate change and human activity in the Changjiang basin. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 124: 64–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lin J, Wu Y, Zhang J, Yang S, Zhu Z Y. 2007. Seasonal variation of organic carbon fluxes in the Yangtze River and influence of Three-Gorges engineering. China Environmental Science, 27 (2): 246–249. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  25. Lin T, Hu L M, Shi X F, Li Y Y, Guo Z G, Zhang G. 2012. Distribution and sources of organochlorine pesticides in sediments of the coastal East China Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64 (8): 1549–1555.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Liu K K, Kao S J, Hu H C, Chou W C, Hung G W, Tseng C M. 2007. Carbon isotopic composition of suspended and sinking particulate organic matter in the northern South China Sea-From production to deposition. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 54 (14-15): 1504–1527.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Liu S F, Shi X F, Liu Y G, Zhu A M, Yang G. 2009. Sedimentation rate of mud area in the East China Sea inner continental shelf. Marine Ceology & Quaternary Geology, 29 (6): 1–7.Google Scholar
  28. Meyers P A. 1997. Organic geochemical proxies of paleoceanographic, paleolimnologic, and paleoclimatic processes. Organic Geochemistry, 27 (5-6): 213–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Middelburg J J. 1989. A simple rate model for organic matter decomposition in marine sediments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 53 (7): 1577–1581.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Minoura K, Hoshino K, Nakamura T, Wada E. 1997. Late Pleistocene-Holocene paleoproductivity circulation in the Japan Sea: sea-level control on d 13 C and d 15 N records of sediment organic material. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 135 (1-4): 41–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Muller-Karger F E, Varela R, Thunell R, Luerssen R, Hu C M, Walsh J J. 2005. The importance of continental margins in the global carbon cycle. Geophysical Research Letters, 32 (1): L01602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Ran X B, Yao Q Z, Gong Y, Chen H T, Mi T Z, Liu P X, Yu Z G. 2009. Nutrient budget of Three Gorges Reservoir pre and post impoundment. Journal of Hydroecology, 2 (2): 1–8.Google Scholar
  33. Schelske C L, Hodell D A. 1995. Using carbon isotopes of bulk sedimentary organic matter to reconstruct the history of nutrient loading and eutrophication in Lake Erie. Limnology and Oceanography, 40 (5): 918–929.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Schmidt M W I, Noack A G. 2000. Black carbon in soils and sediments: analysis, distribution, implications, and current challenges. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 14 (3): 777–793.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Shi X F, Liu S F, Qiao S Q, Liu Y G, Fang X S, Wu Y H, Zhu Z W. 2010. Depositional features and palaeoenvironmental records of the mud deposits in Min-Zhe coastal mud area, East China Sea. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 30 (4): 19–30. (in Chinese with English abstract)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Song J, Guo J R, Bao X W, Mu L, Li J, Liu Y L. 2016. Study of the water exchange between the Kuroshi and the East China Sea. Marine Science Bulletin, 35 (2): 178–186. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  37. Suess E. 1980. Particulate organic carbon flux in the oceanssurface productivity and oxygen utilization. Nature, 288 (5788): 260–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tesi T, Miserocchi S, Goñi M A, Langone L, Boldrin A, Turchetto M. 2007. Organic matter origin and distribution in suspended particulate materials and surficial sediments from the western Adriatic Sea (Italy). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 73 (3-4): 431–446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Tsai A Y, Gong G C, Sander R W, Wang C J, Chiang K P. 2010. The impact of the Changjiang River plume extension on the nanoflagellate community in the East China Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 89 (1): 21–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wang X C, Sun M Y, Li A C. 2008. Contrasting chemical and isotopic compositions of organic matter in Changjiang (Yangtze River) estuarine and East China Sea shelf sediments. Journal of Oceanography, 64 (2): 311–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wu Y, Eglinton T, Yang L Y, Deng B, Montluçon D, Zhang J. 2013. Spatial variability in the abundance, composition, and age of organic matter in surficial sediments of the East China Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeoscience s, 118 (4): 1495–1507.Google Scholar
  42. Wu Y, Zhang J, Li D J, Wei H, Lu R X. 2003. Isotope variability of particulate organic matter at the PN section in the East China Sea. Biogeochemistry, 65 (1): 31–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wu Y, Zhang J, Liu S M, Zhang Z F, Yao Q Z, Hong G H, Cooper L. 2007. Sources and distribution of carbon within the Yangtze River system. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 71 (1-2): 13–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Xu D Y. 1985. Mud sedimentation on the East China Sea continental shelf. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 5 (2): 17–26. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  45. Xu X M, Hong Y H, Zhou Q Z, Liu J Z, Yuan L R, Wang J H. 2018a. Century-scale high-resolution black carbon records in the sediment cores from the South Yellow Sea, China. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 36 (1): 115–127, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-017-6214-2.Google Scholar
  46. Xu X M, Zhu Q, Zhou Q Z, Liu J Z, Yuan J P, Wang J H. 2018b. An improved method to quantitatively measure the sequences of total organic carbon and black carbon in marine sediment cores. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 36 (1): 105–114, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-017-6229-8.Google Scholar
  47. Yang G P, Wang W L, Lu X L, Ren C Y. 2010. Distribution, flux and biological consumption of carbon monoxide in the southern Yellow Sea and the East China Sea. Marine Chemistry, 122 (1-4): 74–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Yang S Y, Jung H S, Lim D I, Li C X. 2003. A review on the provenance discrimination of sediments in the Yellow Sea. Earth-Science Reviews, 63 (1-2): 93–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Yu H, Wu Y, Zhang J, Deng B, Zhu B. 2011. Impact of extreme drought and the Three Gorges Dam on transport of particulate terrestrial organic carbon in the Changjiang (Yangtze) River. J ournal of Geophysical Research, 116 (F4): F04029.Google Scholar
  50. Zhang Y L, Kaiser K, Li L, Zhang D N, Ran Y, Benner R. 2014. Sources, distributions, and early diagenesis of sedimentary organic matter in the Pearl River region of the South China Sea. Marine Chemistry, 158: 39–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zhu C, Wang Z H, Xue B, Yu P S, Pan J M, Wagner T, Pancost R D. 2011. Characterizing the depositional settings for sedimentary organic matter distributions in the lower Yangtze River-East China Sea Shelf System. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 93 (3): 182–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zhu Z Y, Wu Y, Zhang J, Du J Z, Zhang G S. 2014. Reconstruction of anthropogenic eutrophication in the region offthe Changjiang estuary and central Yellow Sea: from decades to centuries. Continental Shelf Research, 72: 152–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhu Z Y, Zhang J, Wu Y, Lin J. 2006. Bulk particulate organic carbon in the East China Sea: tidal influence and bottom transport. Progress in Oceanography, 69 (1): 37–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zou Z H, Lu G B, Li Q F, Xia Z Q, Bing J P. 2011. Water temperature change caused by large-scale water projects on the Yangtze River mainstream. Journal of Hydroelectric Engineering, 30 (5): 139–144. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jia Lin (林佳)
    • 1
  • Qing Zhu (祝青)
    • 1
  • Yuehui Hong (洪跃辉)
    • 1
  • Lirong Yuan (袁丽蓉)
    • 1
  • Jinzhong Liu (刘金钟)
    • 2
  • Xiaoming Xu (徐小明)
    • 1
  • Jianghai Wang (王江海)
    • 1
  1. 1.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Resources and Coastal Engineering/South China Sea Bioresource Exploitation and Utilization Collaborative Innovation Center, School of Marine SciencesSun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Guangzhou Institute of GeochemistryChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations