Centennial-scale records of total organic carbon in sediment cores from the South Yellow Sea, China

  • Qing Zhu (祝青)
  • Jia Lin (林佳)
  • Yuehui Hong (洪跃辉)
  • Lirong Yuan (袁丽蓉)
  • Jinzhong Liu (刘金钟)
  • Xiaoming Xu (徐小明)
  • Jianghai Wang (王江海)
Article
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Abstract

Global carbon cycling is a significant factor that controls climate change. The centennial-scale variations in total organic carbon (TOC) contents and its sources in marginal sea sediments may reflect the influence of human activities on global climate change. In this study, two fine-grained sediment cores from the Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass of the South Yellow Sea were used to systematically determine TOC contents and stable carbon isotope ratios. These results were combined with previous data of black carbon and 210Pb dating from which we reconstructed the centennial-scale initial sequences of TOC, terrigenous TOC (TOCter) and marine autogenous TOC (TOCmar) after selecting suitable models to correct the measured TOC (TOCcor). These sequences showed that the TOCter decreased with time in the both cores while the TOCmar increased, particularly the rapid growth in core H43 since the late 1960s. According to the correlation between the Huanghe (Yellow) River discharge and the TOCcor, TOCter, or TOCmar, we found that the TOCter in the two cores mainly derived from the Huanghe River and was transported by it, and that higher Huanghe River discharge could strengthen the decomposition of TOCmar. The newly obtained initial TOC sequences provide important insights into the interaction between human activities and natural processes.

Keywords

organic carbon Middelburg’s model Yellow Sea 

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Notes

Acknowledgement

We would like to thank the National Meteorological Information Center of the People’s Republic of China for providing the precipitation data in the reaches of the Huanghe River.

Supplementary material

343_2017_6215_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (519 kb)
Supplementary material, approximately 520 KB.

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Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qing Zhu (祝青)
    • 1
  • Jia Lin (林佳)
    • 1
  • Yuehui Hong (洪跃辉)
    • 1
  • Lirong Yuan (袁丽蓉)
    • 1
  • Jinzhong Liu (刘金钟)
    • 2
  • Xiaoming Xu (徐小明)
    • 1
  • Jianghai Wang (王江海)
    • 1
  1. 1.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Resources and Coastal Engineering/South China Sea Bioresource Exploitation and Utilization Collaborative Innovation Center, School of Marine SciencesSun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Guangzhou Institute of GeochemistryChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina

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