In the warming world, tropical Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) variation has received considerable attention because of its enormous influence on global climate change, particularly the El Niño-Southern Oscillation process. Here, we provide new high-resolution proxy records of the magnesium/calcium ratio and the oxygen isotope in foraminifera from a core on the Ontong-Java Plateau to reconstruct the SST and hydrological variation in the center of the Western Pacific Warm Pool (WPWP) over the last 360 000 years. In comparison with other Mg/Ca-derived SST and δ18O records, the results suggested that in a relatively stable condition, e.g., the last glacial maximum (LGM) and other glacial periods, the tropical Pacific would adopt a La Niña-like state, and the Walker and Hadley cycles would be synchronously enhanced. Conversely, El Niño-like conditions could have occurred in the tropical Pacific during fastchanging periods, e.g., the termination and rapidly cooling stages of interglacial periods. In the light of the sensitivity of the Eastern Pacific Cold Tongue (EPCT) and the inertia of the WPWP, we hypothesize an inter-restricted relationship between the WPWP and EPCT, which could control the zonal gradient variation of SST and affect climate change.
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The authors are grateful to the editor and the anonymous reviewers for their valuable advice.
Supported by the Knowledge Innovation Engineering Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. XDA10010305), the National Special Project for ‘Global Change and Air-Sea Interaction’ (No. GASI-04-01-02), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41230959, 41076030, 41576051)
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Zhang, S., Li, T., Chang, F. et al. Correspondence between the ENSO-like state and glacial-interglacial condition during the past 360 kyr. Chin. J. Ocean. Limnol. 35, 1018–1031 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-017-6082-9
- Western Pacific Warm Pool (WPWP)
- sea surface temperature (SST)
- El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)