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Variation in the life-history traits of a Schilbid catfish, Clupisoma garua (Hamilton, 1822) in the coastal waters of southern Bangladesh

Abstract

For the first time, the present study reports the life-history traits, comprising length-frequency distribution (LFD), sex ratio (SR), length-weight relationships (LWRs), condition factors (CFs), and relative growth (W R), of Clupisoma garua in the coastal waters of Bangladesh. A total of 150 specimens ranging from 8.60 to 25.20 cm total length (TL) and 4.26 to 128.80 g body weight (BW) were collected using traditional fishing gear from August 2013 to July 2014. The overall sex ratio of males to females in the study did not differ significantly from the expected value of 1:1 (χ2 =0.96, P <0.05) but there were significant sex differences (P <0.05) in the intercepts and slopes of graphs characterizing traits in C. garua. The calculated b values for the LWRs were 2.955, 2.893 and 2.927 for males, females and combined sexes, respectively, and there was negative allometric growth in all cases (b <3). The condition factors (K A , K F , K R ) and relative growth (W R ) also did not differ significantly ( P <0.05) between the sexes. This study provides a useful tool for fishery specialists to evaluate the relative condition of fish and to initiate early management strategies and regulations for the sustainable management of the remaining stocks of this species in the entire coastal region of southern Bangladesh.

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Acknowledgments

We extend our sincere thanks to Dr. Sukham Munilkumar ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Kolkata, India for his invaluable comments updating the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Muhammad Abu Bakar Siddik.

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Supported by the fellowship of National Science and Technology (NST), Bangladesh

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Siddik, M.A.B., Chaklader, M.R., Hanif, M.A. et al. Variation in the life-history traits of a Schilbid catfish, Clupisoma garua (Hamilton, 1822) in the coastal waters of southern Bangladesh. Chin. J. Ocean. Limnol. 35, 1189–1196 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-017-6008-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-017-6008-6

Keywords

  • size frequency
  • length-weight
  • sex ratio
  • allometric growth
  • Clupisoma garua