X-ray fluorescence scanning with synchrotron radiation was performed to study sediment core records of floods in Amur Bay, Sea of Japan. Interlayers of 3–8 mm with abnormally low bromine content were formed by the Razdolnaya River discharge to the central part of the bay during extreme floods, accompanied by severe storms at sea. Such conditions in the region are typical for periods of deep tropical cyclones (typhoons), to which the distinguished interlayers were compared on the timescale. This approach was made possible thanks to the high rate of sedimentation in the bay (3–5 mm/a) and low bioturbation of sediments under anoxic conditions.
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Kalugin, I., Astakhov, A., Darin, A. et al. Anomalies of bromine in the estuarine sediments as a signal of floods associated with typhoons. Chin. J. Ocean. Limnol. 33, 1489–1495 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-015-4370-9
- X-ray fluorescence scanning
- continental shelf
- Sea of Japan
- Amur Bay