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Early development of grateloupia turuturu (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta)

Abstract

Grateloupia turuturu is a commercial red alga with potential value in nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals. To supplement information on its life history and verify whether carpospores can be used for seedling culture, early development of G. turuturu was investigated under culture conditions (27°C, 10–13 μol/(m2·s) in irradiance, photoperiod 10:14 h L:D). Three physiological stages were recognized by continuous microscopic observation: division stage, discoid crust stage, and juvenile seedling stage. At the beginning of the division stage, the carpospores developed germ tubes into which the carpospore protoplasm was evacuated, and then the carpospore protoplasm in the germ tubes began to divide continuously until discoid crusts formed. Finally, upright thalli appeared on the discoid crusts and developed into juvenile seedlings. It took about 60 days for carpospores to develop into juvenile seedlings. The growth parameters, including germination rate for carpospores and discoid crust diameter, were recorded. These results contribute more information on the life cycle, and at the same time are of great significance in the scaling-up of artificial seedling cultures of G. turuturu.

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Correspondence to Gaoge Wang or Fengjuan Zhao.

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Supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province, China (No. Y2007D42)

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Wang, G., Jiang, C., Wang, S. et al. Early development of grateloupia turuturu (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta). Chin. J. Ocean. Limnol. 30, 264–268 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-012-1071-5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-012-1071-5

Keyword

  • Grateloupia turuturu
  • early development
  • carpospores