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Applied Physics B

, Volume 72, Issue 1, pp 3–14 | Cite as

Diode-pumped ultra-short-pulse solid-state lasers

  • E. Sorokin
  • I.T. Sorokina
  • E. Wintner
Invited paper

Abstract.

Many materials are good candidates for diode-pumped ultra-short-pulse lasers: several transition-metal-ion-doped crystals can or could support extremely short fs pulses. This goal, so far, has only been reached by Cr3+:LiSAF, but there are good chances for other crystals like Cr4+:YAG having its bandwidth within the third communication window, and the high-yield Cr2+:ZnSe with its impressive bandwidth in the near IR. Rare-earth-ion-doped media deliver only sub-ps pulses but allow unprecedented and scalable high average powers, like a SESAM mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk laser described recently. In all ranges of pulse durations there are fascinating applications ready for widespread employment as soon as compact, reliable and moderately priced ultra-short-pulse systems will be available for the non-laser-skilled user. The highest impact in the near future is attributed to microstructuring of materials and processing of biological samples, including dental enamel, by ps and sub-ps pulses, and optical coherence tomography needing pulses in the 10-fs regime at very modest average powers.

PACS: 42.55.Px; 42.55.Rz; 42.55.Xi; 42.60.Py; 42.60.Fc; 42.62.Be; 42.62.Cf 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Sorokin
    • 1
  • I.T. Sorokina
    • 1
  • E. Wintner
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Photonik, Technische Universität Wien, Gusshausstrasse 27/387, 1040 Wien, Austria (Fax: +43-1/58801-38799, E-mail: ernst.wintner@tuwien.ac.at)AT

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