Nanoantenna-controlled radiation pattern of the third-harmonic emission

Abstract

We present the third-harmonic emission pattern of single and multiple gold nanoantennas excited by few-cycle infrared laser pulses. The angular distribution of the nonlinear emission is measured by back focal plane imaging with a high-numerical-aperture objective lens. The third-harmonic emission of a single-rod antenna has a dipole-like radiation pattern modified at the air–glass interface. Simultaneous excitation of multiple antennas under the same laser focus results in interferences of the far-field third-harmonic radiation, which can be well explained using a dipole model.

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Acknowledgments

We thank Harald Fuchs for granting access to the evaporator. We gratefully acknowledge financial support by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SPP 1391).

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Correspondence to Torsten Stiehm.

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This article is part of the topical collection “Ultrafast Nanooptics” guest edited by Martin Aeschlimann and Walter Pfeiffer.

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Stiehm, T., Kern, J., Jürgensen, M. et al. Nanoantenna-controlled radiation pattern of the third-harmonic emission. Appl. Phys. B 122, 119 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-016-6390-3

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Keywords

  • Radiation Pattern
  • Fuse Silica Substrate
  • Glass Interface
  • Measured Radiation Pattern
  • Focal Plane Imaging