Applied Physics B

, 122:119 | Cite as

Nanoantenna-controlled radiation pattern of the third-harmonic emission

  • Torsten StiehmEmail author
  • Johannes Kern
  • Marius Jürgensen
  • Steffen Michaelis de Vasconcellos
  • Rudolf Bratschitsch
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Ultrafast Nanooptics


We present the third-harmonic emission pattern of single and multiple gold nanoantennas excited by few-cycle infrared laser pulses. The angular distribution of the nonlinear emission is measured by back focal plane imaging with a high-numerical-aperture objective lens. The third-harmonic emission of a single-rod antenna has a dipole-like radiation pattern modified at the air–glass interface. Simultaneous excitation of multiple antennas under the same laser focus results in interferences of the far-field third-harmonic radiation, which can be well explained using a dipole model.


Radiation Pattern Fuse Silica Substrate Glass Interface Measured Radiation Pattern Focal Plane Imaging 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank Harald Fuchs for granting access to the evaporator. We gratefully acknowledge financial support by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SPP 1391).


  1. 1.
    L. Novotny, N. van Hulst, Nat. Photonics 5, 83 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. Biagioni, J.S. Huang, B. Hecht, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 024402 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M.R. Beversluis, A. Bouhelier, L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. B 68, 115433 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. Biagioni, D. Brida, J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, L. Duò, B. Hecht, M. Finazzi, G. Cerullo, Nano Lett. 12, 2941 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Celebrano, X. Wu, M. Baselli, S. Großmann, P. Biagioni, A. Locatelli, C. De Angelis, G. Cerullo, R. Osellame, B. Hecht, L. Duò, F. Ciccacci, M. Finazzi, Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 412 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Träutlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, A. Leitenstorfer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 257404 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Hanke, J. Cesar, V. Knittel, A. Trügler, U. Hohenester, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, Nano Lett. 12, 992 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Hentschel, T. Utikal, H. Giessen, M. Lippitz, Nano Lett. 12, 3778 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Sivis, M. Duwe, B. Abel, C. Ropers, Nat. Phys. 9, 304 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M.A. Lieb, J.M. Zavislan, L. Novotny, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1210 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Wagner, L. Heerklotz, N. Kortenbruck, F. Cichos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 081904 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A.G. Curto, T.H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M.P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, N.F. van Hulst, Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S.-U. Hwang, Y.-G. Lee, Opt. Express 16, 21170 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    P.B. Johnson, R.W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    R.A. Farrer, F.L. Butterfield, V.W. Chen, J.T. Fourkas, Nano Lett. 5, 1139 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. Knittel, M.P. Fischer, T. de Roo, S. Mecking, A. Leitenstorfer, D. Brida, ACS Nano 9, 894 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Lippitz, M.A. van Dijk, M. Orrit, Nano Lett. 5, 799 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    E.S. Barnard, J.S. White, A. Chandran, M.L. Brongersma, Opt. Express 16, 16529 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, R.T. Weitz, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, K. Kern, Nano Lett. 9, 2372 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    E.R. Encina, E.A. Coronado, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 9586 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G.C. des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.C. Weeber, A. Dereux, Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    W. Lukosz, R.E. Kunz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 1607 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    W. Lukosz, R.E. Kunz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 1615 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    W. Lukosz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1495 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    L. Novotny, B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics, 2nd edn. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Torsten Stiehm
    • 1
    Email author
  • Johannes Kern
    • 1
  • Marius Jürgensen
    • 1
  • Steffen Michaelis de Vasconcellos
    • 1
  • Rudolf Bratschitsch
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Physics and Center for NanotechnologyUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany

Personalised recommendations