Applied Physics B

, Volume 117, Issue 2, pp 749–754 | Cite as

A simple laser system for atom interferometry

  • S. Merlet
  • L. Volodimer
  • M. Lours
  • F. Pereira Dos SantosEmail author


We present here a simple laser system for a laser-cooled atom interferometer, where all functions (laser cooling, interferometry and detection) are realized using only two extended cavity laser diodes, amplified by a common tapered amplifier. One laser is locked by frequency modulation transfer spectroscopy, the other being phase locked with an offset frequency determined by an field-programmable gate array-controlled direct digital synthesizer, which allows for efficient and versatile tuning of the laser frequency. Raman lasers are obtained with a double pass acoustooptic modulator. We demonstrate a gravimeter using this laser system, with performances close to the state of the art.


Phase Lock Loop Raman Laser Chirp Rate Atom Interferometer Interferometer Phase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank Bin Wu et Emmanuel Cocher for their contribution to the development of the laser system.


  1. 1.
    A. Peters, K.Y. Chung, S. Chu, Metrologia 61, 38 (2001)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    T.L. Gustavson, A. Landragin, M.A. Kasevich, Class. Quantum Gravity 17, 2385 (2000)CrossRefzbMATHADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Louchet-Chauvet, T. Farah, Q. Bodart, A. Clairon, A. Landragin, S. Merlet, F. Pereira Dos Santos, New J. Phys. 13, 065025 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Z.-K. Hu, B.-L. Sun, X.-C. Duan, M.-K. Zhou, L.-L. Chen, S. Zhan, Q.-Z. Zhang, J. Luo, Phys. Rev. A 88, 043610 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    F. Sorrentino et al., Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Schmidt, A. Senger, M. Hauth, C. Freier, V. Schkolnik, A. Peters, Gyroscopy Navig. 2, 170 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Z. Jiang et al., Metrologia 49, 666 (2012)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. Stern et al., Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. Muntinga et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 093602 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Y. Bidel, O. Carraz, R. Charrière, M. Cadoret, N. Zahzam, A. Bresson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 144107 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ph Laurent et al., Appl. Phys. B 84, 683 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Vogel et al., Appl. Phys. B 84, 663 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Schmidt, M. Prevedelli, A. Giorgini, G.M. Tino, A. Peters, Appl. Phys. B 102, 11 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. Thompson, M. Tu, D. Aveline, N. Lundblad, L. Maleki, Opt. Express 11, 1709 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    R.A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, F. Lienhart, D. Chambon, S. Boussen, J.-F. Clément, T. Muller, G. Santarelli, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Clairon, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, Appl. Phys. B 84, 673 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    O. Carraz, F. Lienhart, R. Charrière, M. Cadoret, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, Appl. Phys. B 97, 405 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    V. Ménoret, R. Geiger, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, B. Battelier, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, Opt. Lett. 36, 4128 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Kasevich, S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 181 (1991)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    O. Carraz, R. Charrière, M. Cadoret, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, A. Bresson, Phys. Rev. A 86, 033605 (2012)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, S.N. Lea, G.M. Tino, Opt. Commun. 104, 339 (1994)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    P. Cheinet, F. Pereira Dos Santos, T. Petelski, J. Le Gouët, J. Kim, K.T. Therkildsen, A. Clairon, A. Landragin, Appl. Phys. B 84, 643 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph Laurent, A. Clairon, P. Rosenbusch, Opt. Commun. 266, 609 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J.H. Shirley, Opt. Lett. 7, 537 (1982)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    L.S. Ma, J.L. Hall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE–26, 11 (1990)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Matsuura et al., Int J. Infrared Millim. Waves 19, 849 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    T. Lévèque, A. Gauguet, W. Chaibi, A. Landragin, Appl. Phys. B 101, 723 (2010)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    D.S. Weiss, B.C. Young, S. Chu, Appl. Phys. B 59, 217 (1994)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. Le Gouët, T.E. Mehlstäubler, J. Kim, S. Merlet, A. Landragin, F. Pereira dos Santos, Appl. Phys. B 92, 133 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. Hauth, C. Freier, V. Schkolnik, A. Senger, M. Schmidt, A. Peters, Appl. Phys. B 113, 49 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Altin et al., New J. Phys. 15, 023009 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    L. Zhou et al., Chin. Phys. Lett. 28, 013701 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Y. Bidel, O. Carraz, R. Charrière, M. Cadoret, N. Zahzam, A. Bresson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 144107 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Q. Bodart, S. Merlet, N. malossi, F. Pereira dos Santos, P. Bouyer, A. Landragin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 134101 (2010)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    E. Luvsandamdin, S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, G. Mura, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 111, 255 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    T.-P. Nguyen, M. Schiemangk, S. Spießberger, H. Wenzel, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, Appl. Phys. B 108, 767 (2012)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    K. Bongs et al., J. Modern Opt. 54, 2513 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    C. Grzeschik, M. Schiemangk, K. Lampmann, M. Krutzik, A. Peters, in CLEO 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CM1N.6Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Merlet
    • 1
  • L. Volodimer
    • 1
  • M. Lours
    • 1
  • F. Pereira Dos Santos
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.LNE-SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris, LNE, CNRS UPMCParisFrance

Personalised recommendations