Advertisement

Applied Physics B

, Volume 117, Issue 2, pp 597–603 | Cite as

Diode-pumped Yb:CaF\(_2\) multipass amplifier producing 50 mJ with dynamic analysis for high repetition rate operation

  • Florence FriebelEmail author
  • Alain Pellegrina
  • Dimitris N. Papadopoulos
  • Patrice Camy
  • Jean-Louis Doualan
  • Richard Moncorgé
  • Patrick Georges
  • Frédéric Druon
Article

Abstract

The dynamic thermal issues of the Yb:CaF\(_{2}\) crystals within a multi-tens-mJ-energy multipass amplifier operating in the 20–100 Hz repetition rate range and pumped in quasi-cw regime have been studied at different timescales. Thermal response times of the system have been precisely investigated and analyzed, for the first time to our best knowledge in such amplifiers. This study includes a dual timescale analysis: in the long-time-scale (second) with direct thermography mapping and in the millisecond range with thermal lensing in a pump-probe configuration. Very atypical positive lens behavior with fluorites will also be presented and discussed. This complete analysis is used to demonstrate the capability of \(\hbox {Yb:CaF}_{2}\) multipass amplifier systems for operating the amplifier at 20 Hz with 57 mJ and 100 Hz with 32-mJ stable regime. Indeed, high repetition rate multipass amplifier has been realized for the first time with \(\hbox {Yb:CaF}_{2}\) and for this energy. The results have been analyzed precisely to take into account the thermal issues and excellent beam quality, with a \(M^2\) of 1.1. The pointing stability of 20 μrad has been measured documenting the reliability of the high repetition rate mJ amplifier.

Keywords

Pump Pulse Thermal Lens High Repetition Rate Absorb Pump Power Dioptric Power 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work has been partially supported by the French National Research Agency (ANR) through the Femtocryble program and by the ILE 07-CPER 017-01 contract.

References

  1. 1.
    F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, New materials for short-pulse amplifiers. IEEE Photonics J. 3(2), 268–273 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, A. Lucianetti, K. Ertel, S. Banerjee, P.D. Mason, C. Hernandez-Gomez, J.L. Collier, J. Hein, M. Wolf, J. Körner, B.J. Le Garrec, Multi kJ level laser concepts for HiPER facility. J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 244(1), 012010 (2010)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Frédéric Druon, Sandrine Ricaud, Dimitris N. Papadopoulos, Alain Pellegrina, Patrice Camy, Jean Louis Doualan, Richard Moncorgé, Antoine Courjaud, Eric Mottay, Patrick Georges, On Yb:CaF\(_{2}\) and Yb:SrF\(_{2}\): review of spectroscopic and thermal properties and their impact on femtosecond and high power laser performance [invited]. Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 489–502 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Siebold, M. Hornung, S. Bock, J. Hein, M.C. Kaluza, J. Wemans, R. Uecker, Broad-band regenerative laser amplification in ytterbium-doped calcium fluoride (Yb:CaF\(_2\)). Appl. Phys. B 89(4), 543–547 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mathias Siebold, Marco Hornung, Ragnar Boedefeld, Sebastian Podleska, Sandro Klingebiel, Christoph Wandt, Ferenc Krausz, Stefan Karsch, Reinhard Uecker, Axel Jochmann et al., Terawatt diode-pumped Yb:CaF\(_{2}\) laser. Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2770–2772 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J.L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, Yb:CaF\(_{2}\)—a new old laser crystal. Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Thomas Toepfer, Joerg Neukum, Joachim Hein, Mathias Siebold, Very-large-scale DPSS lasers are coming. Laser Focus World 46(10), 64–67 (2010). WOS:000283682500021Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mathias Siebold, Fabian Roeser, Markus Loeser, Daniel Albach, Ulrich Schramm, PEnELOPE: a high peak-power diode-pumped laser system for laser-plasma experiments. Proc. SPIE 8780, 878005–87800514 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Marco Hornung, Sebastian Keppler, Ragnar Bödefeld, Alexander Kessler, Hartmut Liebetrau, Jörg Körner, Marco Hellwing, Frank Schorcht, Oliver Jäckel, Alexander Sävert, Jens Polz, Ajay Kawshik Arunachalam, Joachim Hein, Malte C. Kaluza, High-intensity, high-contrast laser pulses generated from the fully diode-pumped Yb:glass laser system POLARIS. Opt. Lett. 38(5), 718–720 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Alexander Kessler, Marco Hornung, Sebastian Keppler, Frank Schorcht, Marco Hellwing, Hartmut Liebetrau, Jörg Körner, Alexander Sävert, Mathias Siebold, Matthias Schnepp, 16.6 J chirped femtosecond laser pulses from a diode-pumped Yb:CaF\(_2\) amplifier. Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1333–1336 (2014)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    G. Machinet, P. Sevillano, F. Guichard, R. Dubrasquet, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, P. Georges, F. Druon, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, High-brightness fiber laser-pumped 68W Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:CaF\(_2\) oscillator. Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4008–4010 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. Sevillano, G. Machinet, R. Dubrasquet, P. Camy, J-L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, P. Georges, F.P. Druon, D. Descamps, E. Cormier. Sub-50 fs, Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:CaF\(_2\) laser oscillator delivering up to 2.7 W. In Advanced Solid-State Lasers Congress, page AF3A.6. Optical Society of America, 2013Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. Petit, J.L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Ménard, R. Moncorgé, CW and tunable laser operation of \(Yb^3+\) doped Ca\({F}_2\). Appl. Phys. B 78(6), 681–684 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, R. Moncorgé, J. Boudeile, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, Yb\(^3+\) doped (Ca, Sr, Ba)F\(_2\) for high power laser applications. Laser Phys. 20(2), 533–536 (2010)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. Moncorgé, P. Camy, J.L. Doualan, A. Braud, J. Margerie, L.P. Ramirez, A. Jullien, F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D.N. Papadopoulos et al., Pure and Yb\(^{3+}\) doped fluorites (Ca, Sr, Ba)F\(_{2}\): a renewal for the future high intensity laser chains. J. Lumin. 133, 276–281 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    T. Balčiūnas, G.Y. Fan, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, High-power top-hat pulses from a Yb master oscillator power amplifier for efficient optical parametric amplifier pumping. Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2547–2549 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    F. Friebel, F. Druon, J. Boudeile, D.N. Papadopoulos, M. Hanna, P. Georges, P. Camy, J.L. Doualan, A. Benayad, R. Moncorge et al., Diode-pumped 99 fs Yb:CaF\(_{2}\) oscillator. Opt. Lett. 34(9), 1474–1476 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    P.A. Popov, P.P. Fedorov, V.V. Osiko, Thermal conductivity of single crystals with a fluorite structure: cadmium fluoride. Phys. Solid State 52(3), 504–508 (2010). WOS:000275755200009CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sandrine Ricaud, Frédéric Druon, Dimitris N. Papadopoulos, Patrice Camy, Jean-Louis Doualan, Richard Moncorgé, Martin Delaigue, Yoann Zaouter, Antoine Courjaud, Patrick Georges et al., Short-pulse and high-repetition-rate diode-pumped Yb:CaF\(_{2}\) regenerative amplifier. Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2415–2417 (2010)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, L. Zhu, T. Flöry, A. Verhoef, A. Fernandez, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, M. Grishin, A. Michailovas. Suppression of Population-Lifetime-Determined Energy Instability in a Femtosecond kHz Yb CPA. In Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012, page CM1D.5. Optical Society of America. 2012Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dimitrios N. Papadopoulos, Alain Pellegrina, Lourdes Patricia Ramirez, Patrick Georges, Frédéric Druon, Broadband high-energy diode-pumped Yb:KYW multipass amplifier. Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3816–3818 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sebastien Chénais, Frédéric Druon, Sebastien Forget, François Balembois, Patrick Georges, On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: the case of ytterbium-doped materials. Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sebastien Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium lasers-Part I: theoretical analysis and wavefront measurements. IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1217–1234 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium lasers-Part II: evaluation of quantum efficiencies and thermo-optic coefficients. IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1235–1243 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Chénais, S. Forget, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, Direct and absolute temperature mapping and heat transfer measurements in diode-end-pumped Yb:YAG. Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 221–224 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W.J. Lai, P.B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M.E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb, Na:CaF\(_2\). Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pavel A. Loiko, Konstantin V. Yumashev, Vladimir N. Matrosov, Nikolai V. Kuleshov, Dispersion and anisotropy of thermo-optic coefficients in tetragonal GdYVO\(_4\) and YVO\(_4\) laser host crystals. Appl. Opt. 52(4), 698 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. Boudeile, J. Didierjean, P. Camy, J.L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, R. Moncorgé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, Thermal behaviour of ytterbium-doped fluorite crystals under high power pumping. Opt. Express 16(14), 10098–10109 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Florence Friebel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alain Pellegrina
    • 2
  • Dimitris N. Papadopoulos
    • 2
  • Patrice Camy
    • 3
  • Jean-Louis Doualan
    • 3
  • Richard Moncorgé
    • 3
  • Patrick Georges
    • 1
  • Frédéric Druon
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire Charles Fabry, Institut d’OptiqueCNRSPalaiseau CedexFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire d’Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, CEAUniv P. et M. CuriePalaiseauFrance
  3. 3.Centre de recherché sur les Ions, les Matériaux et la Photonique (CIMAP), UMR 6252 CEA-CNRS-ENSI CaenUniversité de CaenCaenFrance

Personalised recommendations