Applied Physics B

, Volume 117, Issue 1, pp 343–352 | Cite as

Spectral evolution of nano-second laser interaction with Ti target in nitrogen ambient gas

  • H. HegazyEmail author
  • H. A. Abd El-Ghany
  • S. H. Allam
  • Th. M. El-Sherbini


The present work aimed to study the variation in the plasma parameters (temperature and density) of the Ti plasma generated by 1,064 and 532 nm lasers at different ambient N2 pressures for different delay times. The characterization of the plasma-assisted pulsed laser ablation of the titanium target is discussed. The emission spectra of the titanium plasma produced in the present study have been carefully investigated over the whole UV–NIR (200–1,000 nm) spectral range. Boltzmann plots of suitable spectral lines have been employed to derive the excitation temperature, and the electron density is derived from the Stark widths of the Ti II spectral line at 350.49 nm.


Spectral Line Pulse Laser Deposition Excitation Temperature Boltzmann Plot Stark Width 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Authors deeply thank Prof. H.-J. Kunze, Institut für Experimental Physik V, Ruhr Universität Bochum, Germany, whose advices, revising manuscript, and discussions during the progress of this work were invaluable.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Hegazy
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • H. A. Abd El-Ghany
    • 3
  • S. H. Allam
    • 4
  • Th. M. El-Sherbini
    • 4
  1. 1.Physics Department, Faculty of ScienceJazan UniversityJazanSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Plasma Physics DepartmentNRC, Atomic Energy AuthorityEnshassEgypt
  3. 3.Department of Engineering Mathematics and Physics, Faculty of EngineeringBanha UniversityCairoEgypt
  4. 4.Laboratory of Lasers and New Materials, Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceCairo UniversityCairoEgypt

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