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Fabrication and characterization of Ge20Sb15S65 chalcogenide glass for photonic crystal fibers

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Chalcogenide glasses are known for their high transparency in the mid-infrared (IR) range, which includes two atmospheric windows that lie from 3 to 5 μm and 8 to 12 μm, respectively. Chalcogenide photonic crystal fibers have numerous potential applications in the field of IR, such as spectroscopy, microscopy, astronomy, biology, and sensing. In this paper, Ge20Sb15S65 chalcogenide glass was fabricated and systematically studied. Chalcogenide glass has high transmission property (>70 %), good thermal stability, and good mechanical stability. The glass transition temperature T g is 296 °C, and no exothermic peak was associated with crystallization up to 500 °C, which indicates its suitability for fiber drawing. As a result of its excellent mechanical properties, preforms with a variety of geometrical patterns were fabricated by using mechanical drilling. The near-field intensity distribution image of the drawn fiber shows a strong light propagation confinement.

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The work was supported by National Program on Key Basic Research Project (973 Program) (No. 2012CB722703), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 61177087, and 61307060), Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (No. LQ12F05004), Program for Innovative Research Team of Ningbo City (No. 2009B21007), Natural Science Foundation of Ningbo City (2012A610116), Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-10–0976), Project of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies State Key Laboratory and K. C. Wong Magna Fund in Ningbo University.

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Correspondence to Shixun Dai.

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Yi, C., Zhang, P., Chen, F. et al. Fabrication and characterization of Ge20Sb15S65 chalcogenide glass for photonic crystal fibers. Appl. Phys. B 116, 653–658 (2014).

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