Applied Physics B

, Volume 115, Issue 2, pp 173–183 | Cite as

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: technique, new features, and detection limits of trace elements in Al base alloy

  • H. HegazyEmail author
  • E. A. Abdel-Wahab
  • F. M. Abdel-Rahim
  • S. H. Allam
  • A. M. A. Nossair


Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) has proven to be extremely versatile, providing multielement analysis in real time without sample preparation. The principle is based on the ablation of a small amount of target material by interaction of a strong laser beam with a solid target. The laser must have sufficient energy to excite atoms and to ionize them to produce plasma. We aimed to improve the LIBS limit of detection (LOD) and the precision of spectral lines emitted from the produced plasma by optimizing the parameters affecting the LIBS technique. LIBS LOD is affected by many experimental parameters such as interferences, self-absorption, spectral overlap, signal-to-noise ratio, and matrix effects. The plasma in the present study is generated by focusing a 6-ns pulsed Nd–YAG laser at the fundamental wavelength of 1,064 nm onto the Al target in air at atmospheric pressure. The emission spectra are recorded using an SE 200 Echelle spectrometer manufactured by the Catalina Corporation; it is equipped with an ICCD camera type Andor model iStar DH734-18. This spectrometer allows time-resolved spectral acquisition over the whole UV-NIR (200–1,000 nm) spectral range. Calibration curves for Cu, Mg, Mn, Si, Cr, and Fe were obtained with linear regression coefficients around 99 % on the average in aluminum standard alloy samples. The determined LOD has very useful improvements for Cu I at 521.85 nm, Si I at 288.15 nm, Mn I at 482.34 nm, and Cr I at 520.84 nm spectral lines. LOD is improved by 83.8 % for Cu, 49 % for Si, 84.3 % for Mn, and 45 % for Cr lower with respect to the previous works.


Spectral Line Fundamental Wavelength ICCD Camera Direct Solid Sampling Analytical Calibration Curve 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Authors deeply thanks Prof. H.-J. Kunze, EPV, Ruhr Universität Bochum, Germany whose advices, revising and discussions was invaluable and sincere thanks to Dr. Sintayehu Woldemariam Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia for revising this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Hegazy
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • E. A. Abdel-Wahab
    • 3
  • F. M. Abdel-Rahim
    • 3
  • S. H. Allam
    • 4
  • A. M. A. Nossair
    • 3
  1. 1.Physics Department, Faculty of ScienceJazan UniversityJazanSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Plasma Physics Department, NRCAtomic Energy AuthorityEnshassEgypt
  3. 3.Physics Department, Faculty of ScienceAl-Azhar UniversityAssiut BranchEgypt
  4. 4.Laboratory of Lasers and New Materials, Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceCairo UniversityCairoEgypt

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