Applied Physics B

, Volume 114, Issue 3, pp 373–380 | Cite as

Temporal formation of optical anisotropy and surface relief during polarization holographic recording in polymethylmethacrylate with azobenzene side groups

  • Tomoyuki Sasaki
  • Masahiro Izawa
  • Kohei Noda
  • Emi Nishioka
  • Nobuhiro Kawatsuki
  • Hiroshi Ono


The formation of polarization holographic gratings with both optical anisotropy and surface relief (SR) deformation was studied for polymethylmethacrylate with azobenzene side groups. Temporal contributions of isotropic and anisotropic phase gratings were simultaneously determined by observing transitional intensity and polarization states of the diffraction beams and characterizing by means of Jones calculus. To clarify the mechanism of SR deformation, cross sections of SR were characterized based on the optical gradient force model; experimental observations were in good agreement with the theoretical expectation. We clarified that the anisotropic phase change originating in the reorientation of the azobenzene side groups was induced immediately at the beginning of the holographic recording, while the response time of the isotropic phase change originating in the molecular migration due to the optical gradient force was relatively slow.


Azobenzene Surface Relief Molecular Reorientation Diffraction Property Azobenzene Molecule 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was partially supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 24760265.


  1. 1.
    L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, Opt. Acta 31, 579 (1984)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, N. Tomova, Appl. Opt. 24, 785 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, M. Ivanov, F. Andruzzi, S. Hvilsted, P.S. Ramanujam, Appl. Opt. 35, 3835 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    P.H. Rasmussen, P.S. Ramanujam, S. Hvilsted, R.H. Berg, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 4738 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Birabassov, T.V. Galstian, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1423 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Natansohn, P. Rochon, Chem. Rev. 102, 4139 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Seki, Polym. J. 36, 435 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. Ono, T. Sasaki, A. Emoto, N. Kawatsuki, E. Uchida, Opt. Lett. 30, 1950 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. Sasaki, A. Emoto, T. Shioda, H. Ono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 023303 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Shishido, Polym. J. 42, 525 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H.S. Kang, S. Lee, J.-K. Park, Adv. Funct. Mater. 21, 4412 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    F. Fabbri, D. Garrot, K. Lahlil, J.P. Boilot, Y. Lassailly, J. Peretti, J. Phys. Chem. B 115, 1363 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Yu, T. Kobayashi, Azobenzene-containing materials for holograms, in Holograms: Recording Materials and Applications, ed. by I. Naydenova (Intech, Rijeka, 2011), pp. 95–116Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Yu, T. Ikeda, Adv. Mater. 23, 2149 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. Priimagi, M. Saccone, G. Cavallo, A. Shishido, T. Pilati, P. Metrangolo, G. Resnati, Adv. Mater. 24, OP345 (2012)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    N. Kawatsuki, E. Nishioka, A. Emoto, H. Ono, M. Kondo, Appl. Phys. Express 5, 041601 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Emoto, E. Uchida, T. Fukuda, Polymers 4, 150 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    G.S. Kumar, D.C. Neckers, Chem. Rev. 89, 1915 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    P. Rochon, E. Batalla, A. Natansohn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 136 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    D.Y. Kim, S.K. Tripathy, L. Li, J. Kumar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    I. Naydenova, L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, N.C.R. Holme, P.S. Ramanujam, S. Hvilsted, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1257 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    F.L. Labarthet, T. Buffeteau, C. Sourisseau, J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 2654 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    N.K. Viswanathan, S. Balasubramanian, L. Li, J. Kumar, S.K. Tripathy, J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 6064 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    N.K. Viswanathan, S. Balasubramanian, L. Li, S.K. Tripathy, J. Kumar, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5928 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    C.J. Barrett, A.L. Natansohn, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 8836 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. Kumar, L. Li, X.L. Jiang, D.-Y. Kim, T.S. Lee, S. Tripathy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Bian, J.M. Williams, D.Y. Kim, L. Li, S. Balasubramanian, J. Kumar, S. Tripathy, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4498 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    O. Baldus, S.J. Zilker, Appl. Phys. B 72, 425 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    T. Fukuda, D. Barada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 470 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    K. Yang, S. Yang, J. Kumar, Phys. Rev. B. 73, 165204 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    A. Sobolewska, A. Miniewick, J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 4526 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    N. Inoue, M. Nozue, O. Yamane, S. Umegaki, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 023106 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    H. Audorff, R. Walker, L. Kador, H.-W. Schmidt, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 3379 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    H. Ono, T. Matsumoto, T. Sasaki, K. Noda, R. Takahashi, E. Nishioka, N. Kawatsuki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51, 082501 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    H. Ono, M. Izawa, T. Sasaki, K. Noda, E. Nishioka, N. Kawatsuki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52, 011602 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Z.V. Wardosanidze, Holography based on the Weigert’s effect, in Holograms: Recording Materials and Applications, ed. by I. Naydenova (Intech, Rijeka, 2011), pp. 117–144Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomoyuki Sasaki
    • 1
  • Masahiro Izawa
    • 1
  • Kohei Noda
    • 1
  • Emi Nishioka
    • 2
  • Nobuhiro Kawatsuki
    • 2
  • Hiroshi Ono
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringNagaoka University of TechnologyNagaokaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and Chemistry, Graduate School of EngineeringUniversity of HyogoHimejiJapan

Personalised recommendations