Skip to main content
Log in

Nonlinear optics in Xe-filled hollow-core PCF in high pressure and supercritical regimes

  • Rapid Communication
  • Published:
Applied Physics B Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Supercritical Xe at 293 K offers a Kerr nonlinearity that can exceed that of fused silica while being free of Raman scattering. It also has a much higher optical damage threshold and a transparency window that extends from the UV to the infrared. We report the observation of nonlinear phenomena, such as self-phase modulation, in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with supercritical Xe. In the subcritical regime, intermodal four-wave mixing resulted in the generation of UV light in the HE12 mode. The normal dispersion of the fiber at high pressures means that spectral broadening can be clearly obtained without influence from soliton effects or material damage.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. P.St.J. Russell, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4729–4749 (2006)

    Google Scholar 

  2. J.C. Travers, W. Chang, J. Nold, N.Y. Joly, P.St.J. Russell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, A11–A26 (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  3. J.L. Archambault, R.J. Black, S. Lacroix, J. Bures, J. Lightwave Tech. 11, 416–423 (1993)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  4. N.Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Holzer, A. Nazarkin, G.K.L. Wong, F. Biancalana, P.St.J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  5. P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J.C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N.Y. Joly, M.F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, P.St.J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203901 (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  6. M.F. Saleh, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, J.C. Travers, N.Y. Joly, P.St.J. Russell, F. Biancalana, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203902 (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  7. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, S. Sartania, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522–524 (1997)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  8. A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116 (2005)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  9. S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, Opt. Exp. 19, 7546–7552 (2011)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  10. D.G. Ouzounov, C.J. Hensley, A.L. Gaeta, N. Venkateraman, M.T. Gallagher, K.W. Koch, Opt. Exp. 13, 6153–6159 (2005)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  11. O.H. Heckl, C.J. Saraceno, C.R.E. Baer, T. Südmeyer, Y.Y. Wang, Y. Cheng, F. Benabid, U. Keller, Opt. Exp. 19, 19142–19149 (2011)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  12. P.B. Corkum, C. Rolland, T. Srinivasan-Rao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2268–2271 (1986)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  13. D. Eden, H.L. Swinney, Opt. Commun. 10, 191–194 (1974)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  14. S. Howdle, K. Stanley, V. Popov, V. Bagratashvili, Appl. Spectr. 48, 167–278 (1994)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. E. W. Lemmon, M. O. McLinden, D. G. Friend, in NIST Chemistry WebBook, NIST Standard Reference Database No. 69, Eds. P. J. Linstrom and W. G. Mallard, National Institute of Standards and Technology, http://webbook.nist.gov

  16. M. Azhar, G.K.L. Wong, W. Chang, N.Y. Joly, P.St.J. Russell, Opt. Exp. 21, 4405–4410 (2013)

    Google Scholar 

  17. K.E. Lynch-Klarup, E. Mondloch, M. Raymer, F. Benabid, F. Gerome, D. Arrestier, in Frontiers in Optics conf., OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FM4I.2

  18. M. Azhar, G.K.L. Wong, W. Chang, N.Y. Joly, P.St.J. Russell, in CLEO: Science and Innovations, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper CTh4B.4

  19. R. McGraw, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2235–2247 (1990)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  20. E. Marcatili, R. Schmeltzer, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783–1809 (1964)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N.Y. Joly, G.K.L. Wong, A. Nazarkin, A. Podlipensky, M. Scharrer, P.St.J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 35, 2922–2924 (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  22. R. Stolen, W. Leibolt, Appl. Opt. 15, 239–243 (1976)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  23. H.J. Lehmeier, W. Leupacher, A. Penzkofer, Opt. Commun. 56, 67–72 (1985)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  24. C. Bree, A. Demircan, G. Steinmeyer, IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 46, 433–437 (2010)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  25. G.P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic Press, 2007)

  26. A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. Ramírez-Góngora, M. Kolesik, Eur. Phys. J. Special Top 199, 5–76 (2011)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  27. V.P. Kandidov, V.Y. Fedorov, O.V. Tverskoy, O.G. Kosareva, S.L. Chin, Quantum Electron. 41, 382–386 (2011)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to M. Azhar.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Azhar, M., Joly, N.Y., Travers, J.C. et al. Nonlinear optics in Xe-filled hollow-core PCF in high pressure and supercritical regimes. Appl. Phys. B 112, 457–460 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-013-5526-y

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-013-5526-y

Keywords

Navigation