Structural phase transitions in multipole traps
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A small number of laser-cooled ions trapped in a linear radiofrequency multipole trap forms a hollow tube structure. We have studied, by means of molecular dynamics simulations, the structural transition from a double ring to a single ring of ions. We show that the single-ring configuration has the advantage to inhibit the thermal transfer from the rf-excited radial components of the motion to the axial component, allowing ions to reach the Doppler limit temperature along the direction of the trap axis. Once cooled in this particular configuration, the ions experience an angular dependency of the confinement if the local adiabaticity parameter exceeds the empirical limit. Bunching of the ion structures can then be observed and an analytic expression is proposed to take into account for this behavior.
KeywordsTrapping Potential Radial Plane Quadrupole Trap Trap Axis Adiabaticity Parameter
- 1.D. Gerlich, in State-Selected and State-to-State Ion-Molecule Reaction Dynamics. Part 1: Experiments, ed. by C.-Y. Ng, M. Baer. Advances in Chemical Physics Series, vol. LXXXII (Wiley, Hoboken, 1992) Google Scholar