Length scales and polarization properties of annular standing waves in circular broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers


It is shown that the ‘flower-like’ emission patterns along the perimeter of broad-area circular vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers can be interpreted in a first approximation as annular standing waves. Their modulation period follows the dispersion relation of tilted plane waves for a plano-planar cavity. For high enough divergence angle, they show a very peculiar polarization behavior of radial polarization in near field and azimuthal polarization in far field. The polarization selection is qualitatively explained by the breaking of the isotropy between s- and p-components for waves propagating off axis in the Bragg reflectors.

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Correspondence to T. Ackemann.

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M. Schulz-Ruhtenberg now at: Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology, Steinbachstr. 15, 52074 Aachen, Germany

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Schulz-Ruhtenberg, M., Tanguy, Y., Jäger, R. et al. Length scales and polarization properties of annular standing waves in circular broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. Appl. Phys. B 97, 397 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-009-3718-2

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