Applied Physics B

, 81:945 | Cite as

Transverse patterns and length-scale selection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with a large square aperture

  • M. Schulz-Ruhtenberg
  • I.V. Babushkin
  • N.A. Loiko
  • T. Ackemann
  • K.F. Huang
Article

Abstract

The length-scale selection in complex emission patterns spontaneously arising in broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers is studied experimentally. The wavenumbers of individual tilted wave modes show a square-root-like dependence on the detuning between emission frequency and longitudinal cavity resonance, in accordance with theoretical expectations. The absolute values of the wavenumbers are in good qualitative agreement with calculations taking into account the reflection properties of the Bragg reflectors and dispersion.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Schulz-Ruhtenberg
    • 1
  • I.V. Babushkin
    • 1
    • 2
  • N.A. Loiko
    • 2
  • T. Ackemann
    • 1
    • 4
  • K.F. Huang
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut für Angewandte PhysikWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität MünsterMünsterGermany
  2. 2.Institute of PhysicsAcademy of Sciences of BelarusMinskBelarus
  3. 3.Department of ElectrophysicsNational Chiao Tung UniversityHsinchuTaiwan
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsUniversity of StrathclydeGlasgowUK

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