Applied Physics A

, 125:619 | Cite as

Investigation on the growth, spectral, thermal, mechanical, electrical, laser damage threshold and third-order nonlinear optical studies of 4-acetylanilinium perchlorate (4AAPCl) semi-organic single crystal for optical limiting applications

  • M. Suriya
  • B. Milton Boaz
  • K. Sakthi MurugesanEmail author


Single crystal of 4-acetylanilinium perchlorate (4AAPCl) was obtained by slow evaporation technique. The grown 4AAPCl crystal characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and powder XRD confirms that the crystal belongs to monoclinic system with the space group P21/c. The functional groups present in the crystal were analyzed using infrared, Raman and NMR spectral studies. The optical absorption properties of the grown material were ascertained by UV–visible NIR analysis. The crystal has an emission peak in the green region and higher laser damage threshold of 3.72 GW/cm2. The electrical properties of the grown crystal were measured from the frequency and temperature variations of the dielectric profile. TGA reveals that the 4AAPCl crystal was thermally stable up to 190 °C. Microhardness test showed that the grown crystal is soft in nature. The linear polarizability (α) and first-order hyperpolarizability (β) related to NLO activity of the crystal have been also calculated. The optical limiting action and third-order optical nonlinearity of the grown crystal were accurately measured using a standard Z-scan method.



One of the authors (M. Suriya) would like to thank, Presidency College, Chennai-05, for providing FT-IR and UV as a National Facility under project no. SR/FST/College-098/2012(C). The authors also thank SAIF, IIT Madras, Chennai-36, for providing facilities such as X-ray diffraction analysis, FT-RAMAN, FT-NMR, photoluminescence, and thermal measurements. Also, the authors wish to thank Loyola College, Chennai, for providing the microhardness and dielectric facilities.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Suriya
    • 1
  • B. Milton Boaz
    • 1
  • K. Sakthi Murugesan
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Physics, Presidency CollegeUniversity of MadrasChennaiIndia

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