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Applied Physics A

, 125:365 | Cite as

A comparative study on the influence of the addition of different nano-oxide particles on the thermopower of (Bi,Pb)-2223 superconductor

  • H. T. RahalEmail author
  • R. Awad
  • A. M. Abdel-Gaber
  • S. Marhaba
  • A. I. Abou-Aly
Article
  • 49 Downloads

Abstract

Solid-state reaction technique was used to prepare superconductor samples with nominal composition of (SnO2)x(Bi,Pb)-2223 and (NiO)x(Bi,Pb)-2223, where 0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.2 wt%. The prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The impact of SnO2 and NiO nanoparticles addition on the thermopower of (Bi,Pb)-2223 was measured using a standard differential technique. The Seebeck coefficient values in the presence of NiO nanoparticles were about 5–37.9% higher than those obtained with the addition of SnO2 nanoparticles. Higher values of Seebeck coefficients result in a wide variety of applications of these superconductors such as electronics and thermoelectric devices. The obtained results were analyzed according to the two-band model (Fermi-liquid model) and the two-band model with an extra linear term. The Fermi velocity (υF), Fermi energy, Fermi temperature (TF), Fermi wavenumber (KF), Fermi wavelength (λF) as well as the carrier concentration (N/V) values were calculated and discussed as a function of the nanoparticles content.

Notes

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceBeirut Arab UniversityBeirutLebanon
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceBeirut Arab UniversityBeirutLebanon
  3. 3.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceAlexandria UniversityAlexandriaEgypt

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