Applied Physics A

, 124:832 | Cite as

Optical properties and gamma-shielding features of bismuth borate glasses

  • Y. S. RammahEmail author
  • M. I. Sayyed
  • A. A. Ali
  • H. O. Tekin
  • R. El-Mallawany


In the present work, six bismuth borate glass samples with chemical formula (75−x)B2O3xBi2O3–10CaO–10Na2O–5Al2O3, (x = 0.0–25.0 mol%) have been manufactured. UV–visible spectral distributions for the investigated system were measured in the range of 250–850 nm. The optical absorption data showed the existence of allowed indirect transitions. The optical energy gap values (\(E_{{\text{g}}}^{{{\text{opt}}.}}\)) via Tauc’s model vary from 3.39 to 2.45 eV. The complex dielectric constant (\(\hat {\varepsilon }\)) was evaluated. All the optical parameters are found to be sensitive to the concentration of Bi2O3. Also, gamma photons’ attenuation features such as the mass attenuation coefficient (µ/ρ), gamma photon transmission function (I/Io), effective atomic number (Zeff), and half value thickness (HVT) for the investigated glass samples were estimated using MCNPX code and XCOM program in the range of 0.356–1.33 MeV. Replacement of B2O3 by Bi2O3 enhances the ability of glass samples to attenuate gamma photons. The results revealed that the studied glasses can be considered as candidate for optical fiber, devices, and gamma shieling.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. S. Rammah
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. I. Sayyed
    • 2
  • A. A. Ali
    • 3
  • H. O. Tekin
    • 4
    • 5
  • R. El-Mallawany
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics Department, Faculty of ScienceMenoufia UniversityShebin El KoomEgypt
  2. 2.Physics Department, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of TabukTabukSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Glass Research DepartmentNational Research CentreCairoEgypt
  4. 4.Department of Radiotherapy, Vocational School of Health ServicesUskudar UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  5. 5.Medical Radiation Research Center (USMERA)Uskudar UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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