A pre-heat treatment with a domestic microwave, (MW), performed on gel-dry of sol gel processed Ca-modified BaTiO3, with the chemical formulation Ba1−x CaxTiO3 such as x = 0, 1, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 30%, has been shown to lower the calcination temperature of these samples and to strongly influence their physicochemical properties. Indeed, X-ray diffraction and Raman characterizations of the samples revealed a gradual change from tetragonal to pseudo cubic phase with increasing x and a predominance of the occupation of the Ti-site for the composition x < 10 and that of the Ba-site for x ≥ 10. Dielectric measurements have shown that the temperature, Tm, of the ferro-to-paraelectric transition is sensitive to the above-mentioned behavior, with a diffuse character of this transition; Tm first decreases for the concentrations in x such as x < = 10 (predominance of occupation of Ti sites) before it increases for the compositions with x > 10 (predominance of occupation of Ba-sites). The thermal behavior of the permittivity has been approached by the modified Uchino’s law, allowing the calculation of the dielectric parameters (diffuseness and relaxation parameters).
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