Field-effect-dependent thermoelectric power in highly resistive Sb2Se3 single nanowire
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In this paper, we report the results of our experiments on and measurements of electrical resistivity and thermoelectric power (Seebeck coefficient) from single-crystalline antimony triselenide (Sb2Se3) single nanowires (NWs) with high resistivity (σ ~ 4.37 × 10−4 S/m). A positive Seebeck coefficient of approximately 661 µV/K at room temperature was obtained using a custom-made thermoelectric power probe with an alternating current lock-in method (the 2ω technique), which indicates that the thermal transport is dominated by holes. The measured Seebeck coefficient of the NWs is a factor of 2–3 lower than their bulk counterparts and is comparable to that of a highly conductive Sb2Se3 single NWs (approximately − 750 µV/K). We observed an increase in the Seebeck coefficients with increased bias voltages by field-effect gating, which cannot be explained by the modulation of the Fermi level in the NWs.
This work is supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of China (Contract no. NSC 102-2112-M-009-011-MY3) and the Approaching Top University (ATU) Program of the Ministry of Education of the Republic of China.
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