Applied Physics A

, 124:242 | Cite as

Study of Cu–Al–Ni–Ga as high-temperature shape memory alloys

  • Xin Zhang
  • Qian Wang
  • Xu Zhao
  • Fang Wang
  • Qingsuo Liu
Rapid communication


The effect of Ga element on the microstructure, mechanical properties and shape memory effect of Cu–13.0Al–4.0Ni–xGa (wt%) high-temperature shape memory alloy was investigated by optical microscopy, SEM, XRD and compression test. The microstructure observation results showed that the Cu–13.0Al–4.0Ni–xGa (x = 0.5 and 1.0) alloys displayed dual-phase morphology which consisted of 18R martensite and (Al, Ga)Cu phase, and their grain size was about several hundred microns, smaller than that of Cu–13.0Al–4.0Ni alloy. The compression test results proved that the mechanical properties of Cu–13.0Al–4.0Ni–xGa alloys were improved by addition of Ga element owing to the grain refinement and solid solution strengthening, and the compressive fracture strains were 11.5% for x = 0.5 and 14.9% for x = 1.0, respectively. When the pre-strain was 8%, the shape memory effect of 4.2 and 4.6% were obtained for Cu–13.0Al–4.0Ni–0.5 Ga and Cu–13.0Al–4.0Ni–1.0 Ga alloys after being heated to 400 °C for 1 min.



The study was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51601126). The study was also supported by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2016M601271).


  1. 1.
    L. Sun, W.M. Huang, Z. Ding, Y. Zhao, C.C. Wang, H. Purnawali, C. Tang, Mater. Des. 33, 577–640 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. Otsuka, X.B. Ren, Prog. Mater. Sci. 50, 511–678 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. Otsuka, X.B. Ren, Intermetallics 7, 511–528 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Van Humbeeck, J. Eng. Mater. Technol. 121, 98–121 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    K.V. Ramaiah, C.N. Saikrishna, S.K. Gouthama, Bhaumik, Mater. Des. 56, 78–83 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    P.J.S. Buenconsejo, H.Y. Kim, H. Hosoda, S. Miyazaki, Acta. Mater. 57, 1068–1077 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C.L. Tan, J.X. Jiang, X. An, H.J. Ge, B. Zhao, J. Alloy. Compd. 509, 7549–7552 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S.Y. Yang, Y.Q. Ma, H.F. Jiang, X.J. Liu, Intermetallics 19, 225–228 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y.Q. Ma, S.L. Lai, S.Y. Yang, Y. Luo, C.P. Wang, X.J. Liu, Trans. Nonferr. Met. Soc. 21, 96–101 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    X. Zhang, J.H. Sui, X.H. Zheng, Z.Y. Yang, X.H. Tian, W. Cai, J. Alloy Compd. 557, 60–66 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    X. Zhang, J.H. Sui, X.H. Zheng, Z.Y. Yang, W. Cai, Mater. Sci. Eng. A A597, 178–182 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Dogan, I. Karaman, Y.I. Chumlyakov, Z.P. Luo, Acta. Mater. 59, 1168–1183 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. Recarte, J.I. Pérez-Landazábal, M.L. Nó, J.S. Juan, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 370, 488–491 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    N. Zárubová, J. Gemperlová, V. Gärtnerová, A. Gemperle, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 481–482, 457–461 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S.N. Saud, E. Hamzah, T. Abubakar, H.R. Bakhsheshi-Rad, S. Farahany, A. Abdolahi, M.M. Taheri, J. Alloy Compd. 612, 471–478 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Amini, N. Beladi, F. Hameed, Will, J. Alloy Compd. 545, 222–224 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    N. Safaa, E. Saud, T. Hamzah, H.R. Abubakar, S. Bakhsheshi-Rad, A. Farahany, M.M. Abdolahi, Taheri, J. Alloy Compd. 612, 471–478 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    X. Zhang, J.H. Sui, Q.S. Liu, W. Cai, Mater. Lett. 180, 223–226 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    X. Zhang, Q.S. Liu, Intermetallics 92, 108–112 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    H.X. Jiang, C.P. Wang, W.W. Xu, X. Xu, S.Y. Yang, R. Kainuma, X.J. Liu, Mater. Des. 116, 300–308 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    V. Recarte, R.B. Perez-Saez, E.H. Bocanegra, M.L. No, J.S. Juan, Metall. Mater. Trans. A 33A, 2581–2591 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    U. Sari, I. Aksoy, J. Alloy Compd. 417, 138–142 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Y.Q. Ma, C.B. Jiang, Y. Li, H.B. Xu, C.P. Wang, X.J. Liu, Acta Mater. 55, 1533–1541 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Y.Q. Ma, S.Y. Yang, Y. Liu, X.J. Liu, Acta Mater. 57, 3232–3241 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringTianjin University of TechnologyTianjinChina

Personalised recommendations