On the use of photothermal techniques for the characterization of solar-selective coatings
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The efficiency of the conversion of solar energy into thermal energy is determined by the optical and thermal properties of the selective coating, in particular, the solar absorptance and thermal emittance at the desired temperature of the specific application. Photothermal techniques are the most appropriate methods to explore these properties, however, a quantitative determination using photothermal radiometry, which is based on the measurement of emitted radiation caused by the heating generated by a modulated light source, has proven to be elusive. In this work, we present experimental results for selective coatings based on electrodeposited black nickel–nickel on both stainless steel and copper substrates, as well as for commercial TiNOX coatings on aluminum, illustrating that the radiation emitted by the surface depends on the optical absorption, thermal emissivity and on the light-into-heat energy conversion efficiency (quantum efficiency). We show that a combination of photothermal radiometry and photoacoustic spectroscopy can successfully account for these parameters, and provide values for the emissivity in agreement with values obtained by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy.
This work was supported by the Conacyt-SENER Energy Sustainability Fund through the Mexican Center for Innovation in Solar Energy (Grant 207450), within Strategic Projects P-10 and P-18. Conacyt is also acknowledged for funding under the “Fronteras de la ciencia” program, Grant 192 and CB2015/251882.
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