Effects of annealing temperature on the H2-sensing properties of Pd-decorated WO3 nanorods
The temperature of the post-annealing treatment carried out after noble metal deposition onto semiconducting metal oxides (SMOs) must be carefully optimized to maximize the sensing performance of the metal-decorated SMO sensors. WO3 nanorods were synthesized by thermal evaporation of WO3 powders and decorated with Pd nanoparticles using a sol–gel method, followed by an annealing process. The effects of the annealing temperature on the hydrogen gas-sensing properties of the Pd-decorated WO3 nanorods were then examined; the optimal annealing temperature, leading to the highest response of the WO3 nanorod sensor to H2, was determined to be 600 °C. Post-annealing at 600 °C resulted in nanorods with the highest surface area-to-volume ratio, as well as in the optimal size and the largest number of deposited Pd nanoparticles, leading to the highest response and the shortest response/recovery times toward H2. The improved H2-sensing performance of the Pd-decorated WO3 nanorod sensor, compared to a sensor based on pristine WO3 nanorods, is attributed to the enhanced catalytic activity, increased surface area-to-volume ratio, and higher amounts of surface defects.
This study was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (2010–0020163 and 2015R1D1A1A01057029).
- 19.Y.S. Kim, K. Lee, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 9, 2468 (2009)Google Scholar